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Title: Inflammatory gene expression in response to sub-lethal ricin exposure in Balb/c mice      
dateReleased:
08-19-2009
description:
The toxin ricin has been shown to cause inflammatory lung damage, leading to pulmonary oedema and, at higher doses, mortality. In order to understand the genetic basis of this inflammatory cascade a custom microarray platform (1509 genes) directed towards immune and inflammatory markers was used to investigate the temporal expression profiles of genes in a Balb/c mouse model of inhalational ricin exposure. To facilitate examination of those genes involved in both inflammatory cascades and wound repair the dose which was investigated was sub-lethal across a 96 hour time course. Histopathology of the lung was mapped across the time course and genetic responses considered in the context of overall lung pathology. 685 genes were found to be statistically significantly different compared to controls, across the time course and these genes have been investigated in the context of their biological function in ricin poisoning. As well as confirming key inflammatory markers associated with ricin intoxication (TNFa and Il1b) several pathways that are altered in expression were identified following pulmonary exposure to ricin. These genes included those involved in cytokine-cytokine signalling cascades (IL1, IL1r, IL1r2, Ccl 4, 6, 10), focal adhesion (Fn1, ICAM1) and tissue remodelling (VEGF, Pim1). Furthermore, the observed alteration in expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors (TIMPs) indicates a key role in membrane integrity and cellular adhesion in ricin poisoning. Data captured using this transcriptomic approach could be used to develop a specific approach to the treatment of inhalational ricin exposure. This work was conducted as part of a wider programme of work to compare a number of militarily relevant lung damaging agents, with a view to establishing a rational basis for the identification of more generic medical countermeasures. Four groups of six mice were exposed to ricin and a further groups exposed to vehicle only control (PBS). Following exposure mice were culled at 6 timepoints (1, 4, 7, 24, 48 and 96h). RNA was extracted and run on the custom array.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-17431
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
17431
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-01-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-GEOD-8900
name:
Dstl Mouse 1.5K SA52
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-17431/E-GEOD-17431.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-17431/E-GEOD-17431.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE17431
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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