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Title: Early CCL2 and CXCL10 chemokine expression correlates with lung pathology in Pandemic H1N1 Influenza A infection      
dateReleased:
04-12-2010
description:
Background: Pandemic H1N1 influenza A is a newly emerging strain of human influenza that is easily transmitted between people and has spread globally to over 116 countries. Human infection leads to symptoms ranging from mild to severe with lower respiratory complications observed in a small but significant number of infected individuals. Little is currently known about host immunity and Pandemic H1N1 influenza infections. Methods: We examined the pathogenic potential of the pandemic influenza A vaccine strain, A/California/07/2009 (H1N1), in ferrets, and characterized the host immune responses using microarray analysis. Gene expression profiles in lung tissue were compared with those from ferrets infected with A/Brisbane/59/2007. Results: Chemokines CCL2, CCL8, CXCL7 and CXCL10 along with the majority of ISGs were expressed early, correlated to lung pathology, and abruptly decreased expression in 5 days. Interestingly, the drop in innate immune gene expression was replaced by a significant increase in the expression of the adaptive immune genes for granzymes and immunoglobulins. Serum anti-pandemic influenza H1N1 antibodies were also observed on day 7, commensurate with the elimination of viral load. Conclusions: We propose that the innate phase of host immunity causes lung pathology and a delay or failure to effectively switch to the adaptive phase contributes to morbidity and mortality during severe human pandemic H1N1 influenza A infections. Keywords: influenza, immune response, cytokines, chemokines, lung infection, time course In the experiment with influenza A/California/07/2009 (H1N1),15 ferrets were randomly allocated to 5 groups: Day 0 (before infection), and Day 3, 5, 7 and 14 (post infection) with 3 biological replicates for each group. Likewise, a second experiment with A/Brisbane/59/2007 (H1N1) was carried out using the same experimental groups, except for a group in Day 2, instead Day 3. Ferrets were euthanized and lung tissue was excised for RNA purification on the scheduled date. The subsequent gene expression analysis was performed with Affymetrix GeneChip Canine Genome 2.0 Array. Day 0 groups were used as control.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-17079
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
17079
dateSubmitted:
07-13-2009
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mustela putorius furo
ID:
A-AFFY-149
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Canine Genome 2.0 Array [Canine_2]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-17079/E-GEOD-17079.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-17079/E-GEOD-17079.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE17079
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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