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Title: Eicosapentaenoic acid improves metabolic switching in human myotubes      
dateReleased:
06-23-2010
description:
Metabolically healthy skeletal muscle is characterized by the ability to switch easily between glucose and fat oxidation, whereas loss of this ability seems to be related to insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to investigate whether different fatty acids (FAs) and the LXR ligand T0901317 affected metabolic switching in human skeletal muscle cells (myotubes). Pretreatment of myotubes with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) increased suppressibility, the ability of glucose to suppress FA oxidation, and metabolic flexibility, the ability to increase FA oxidation when changing from “fed” to “fasted” state. Adaptability, the capacity to increase FA oxidation with increasing FA availability, was increased after pretreatment with EPA, linoleic acid (LA) and palmitic acid (PA). T0901317 counteracted the effect of EPA on suppressibility and adaptability, but did not affect these parameters alone. EPA itself accumulated less, however, EPA, LA, OA and T0901317 increased the number of lipid droplets (LDs) in myotubes, whereas LD size and mitochondria amount were independent of pretreatment. Microarray analysis showed that EPA regulated more genes than the other FAs. Some pathways involved in carbohydrate metabolism were induced only by EPA. The present study suggests a possible favorable effect of EPA on skeletal muscle metabolic switching and glucose utilization. Keywords: Analysis of target gene regulation by using microarrays. Primary human myotubes, derived from 3 healthy, female donors, were preincubated with different fatty acids (oleic acid [OA], palmitic acid [PA], eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] or linoleic acid [LA], each at 100 µM) or bovine serum albumin [BSA] (40 µM) for 24 h.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-18589
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
18589
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
03-27-2012
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-7020
name:
NuGO array (human) NuGO_Hs1a520180
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-18589/E-GEOD-18589.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-18589/E-GEOD-18589.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE18589
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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