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Title: The roles of ppar-delta and ppar-gamma in regulating the metabolic switch between oxidation and storage of fats in white adipose tissue      
dateReleased:
07-13-2011
description:
Obesity is a major risk factor for the development of insulin resistance and type II diabetes. The nuclear receptors PPAR delta and PPAR gamma play a central role in regulating metabolism in adipose tissue, as well as being targets for the treatment of insulin resistance. The metabolic effects of PPAR delta and PPAR gamma activation have been examined both in vivo in white adipose tissue from ob/ob mice and in vitro in cultured 3T3-L1 adipocytes using a combined 1H NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry metabolomic methodology to understand the contrasting roles of these receptors. These steady state measurements were supplemented with 13C-stable isotope substrate labeling to assess fluxes, respirometry and transcriptomic microarray analysis. The metabolic effects of the two receptors were readily distinguished, with PPAR gamma activation characterised by increased fat storage and fat synthesis/elongation, while activation of PPAR delta caused increased fatty acid beta-oxidation, TCA cycle rate and oxidation of extracellular branch chain amino acids. Stimulated glycolysis and increased desaturation of fatty acids were the only common pathways. PPAR delta has a role as an anti-obesity target as well as an anti-diabetic. Total RNA obtained from cultured 3T3-L1 cells treated for 48 hours with either DMSO control, GW610742 PPARd agonist or GW347845 PPARg agonist and compared.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-26207
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
26207
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-02-2011
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-MEXP-1175
name:
Illumina MouseWG-6 v2.0 Expression BeadChip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-26207/E-GEOD-26207.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-26207/E-GEOD-26207.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE26207
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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