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Title: Strigolactone biosynthesis requires the symbiotic GRAS-type transcription factors NSP1 and NSP2      
dateReleased:
11-01-2011
description:
Legume GRAS-type transcription factors NSP1 and NSP2 are essential for Rhizobium Nod factor-induced nodulation. Both proteins are considered to be Nod factor response factors regulating gene expression upon symbiotic signalling. However, legume NSP1 and NSP2 can be functionally replaced by non-legume orthologs; including rice (Oryza sativa) OsNSP1 and OsNSP2. This shows that both proteins are functionally conserved in higher plants, suggesting an ancient function that was conserved during evolution. Here we show that NSP1 and NSP2 are indispensable for strigolactone biosynthesis in the legume Medicago truncatula as well as rice. Mutant nsp1-nsp2 plants hardly produce strigolactones. The lack of strigolactone biosynthesis coincides with strongly reduced DWARF27 expression in both species. Rice and Medicago represent distinct phylogenetic lineages that split ~150 million years ago. Therefore we conclude that regulation of strigolactone biosynthesis by NSP1 and NSP2 is an ancestral function conserved in higher plants. Since strigolactone biosynthesis is highly regulated by environmental conditions like phosphate starvation, NSP1 and NSP2 will be important tools in future studies on the molecular mechanisms by which environmental sensing is translated into regulation of strigolactone biosynthesis. As NSP1 and NSP2 are single copy genes in legumes, it implies that a single protein complex fulfills a dual regulatory function of different downstream targets; symbiotic and non-symbiotic, respectively. Three biological replications are used for roots of wild type A17, nsp1 and nsp2 mutant plants
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-26548
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
26548
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
11-14-2011
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Medicago truncatula
ID:
A-AFFY-71
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Medicago Genome Array [Medicago]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-26548/E-GEOD-26548.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-26548/E-GEOD-26548.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE26548
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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