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Title: Gene profile of breast cancers with immunohistochemical phenotypes of ER+/- and/or HER2+/-  
description:
Hormones and growth factors accelerate cell proliferation of breast cancer cells, and these molecules are well investigated targets for drug development and application. The mechanisms of cell proliferation of breast cancers lacking estrogen receptor (ER) and HER2 have not been fully understood. The purpose of the present study is to find genes that are differentially expressed in breast cancers and that might significantly contribute to cell proliferation in these cancers. Forty tumor samples, consisting of ten each of immunohistochemically ER(+)/HER2(-), ER(+)/HER2(+), ER(-)/HER2(+), and ER(-)/HER2(-) cancer were analyzed using oligonucleotide microarrays. Both genes and tumor samples were subjected to hierarchical clustering. ER(+)/HER2(-) breast cancers and ER(-)/HER2(-) cancers tended to form a tumor cluster, but HER2 positive breast cancers were split into different tumor clusters. Significant differential expression between IHC-ER(-)/HER2(-) and other tumors was defined as having an expression level at least 2-fold higher or 2-fold lower, and analyzed by multi-step two-way ANOVA. Genes overexpressed differently in IHC-ER(-)/HER2(-) breast cancers compared to other all three types were 8 genes (FABP7, GABRP, GAL, CXCL13, CDC42EP4, C2F, FOXM1, CSDA), and underexpressed genes were nine including ITGB5, KIAA0310, MAGED2, PRSS11, SORL1, TGFB3, KRT18, CPE, BCAS1. No gene was directly related to cell proliferation such as cyclins, cyclin-dependent kinase, p53, p16, and the pRb and p21 families. We had a particular focus on a transcriptional factor E2F-5 from a list of genes overexpressed in ER negative breast cancers compared to ER positive breast cancers, and further examined. Gene amplification of E2F-5 was detected in 5/57 (8.8%) in breast cancers by FISH. No point mutation was found at the binding domain with DNA or dimerization partner of E2F-5. Immunohistochemically E2F-5 positive cancers were more frequent in ER(-)/HER2(-) cancer (14/27, 51.9%) than in other types of cancer (5/30, 16.7%) (p=0.05). E2F-5 positive cancers had higher Ki-67 labeling index (59.5%) than E2F-5 negative cancers (36.3%). E2F-5 positive cancers showed higher histological grade including metaplastic carcinoma, and worse clinical outcome with shorter disease free survival in node negative patients. In conclusion, we demonstrated that there is a population of breast cancer with overexpression of a cell cycle related transcriptional factor E2F-5. E2F-5 positive breast cancers were frequent in ER(-)/HER2(-) group with high Ki-67 labeling index, high histological grade and worse clinical outcome. Last Updated (by provider): Mar 22 2009 Contributers: Kazushige Mori Susumu Takekoshi Yoshiyuki R Osamura Masatomo Shirane Yutaka Tokuda
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
2649
refinement:
curated
keywords:
functional genomics
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
ID:
GEO:GSE6367
accessURL: http://www.chibi.ubc.ca/Gemma/expressionExperiment/showExpressionExperiment.html?id=2649
storedIn:
Gemma
qualifier:
filtered
format:
TSV
accessType:
Submit Job
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: http://www.chibi.ubc.ca/Gemma/expressionExperiment/showExpressionExperiment.html?id=2649
storedIn:
Gemma
qualifier:
unfiltered
format:
TSV
accessType:
Submit Job
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE6367
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
format:
HTML
accessType:
Landing Page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
UBC
homePage: http://www.ubc.ca/
ID:
SCR:011614
name:
University of British Columbia
homePage: http://www.chibi.ubc.ca/Gemma
ID:
SCR:008007
name:
Gemma