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Title: DNA methylation dynamics in human carotid plaques after cerebrovascular events      
availability:
available
aggregation:
instance of dataset
privacy:
not applicable
refinement:
curated
dateReleased:
05-22-2015
ID:
E-GEOD-66500
description:
One pending issue in cardiovascular epigenetics is whether cerebrovascular events, a major complication of atherosclerosis, are associated with any specific DNA methylation changes in the carotid plaque. To clarify that topic, we profiled the DNA methylomes of human symptomatic carotid plaques (SCPs) obtained from patients who suffered cerebrovascular events (n=19) and asymptomatic counterparts (ACP; n=19) with a high-density microarray (~485,000 CpG sites, Illumina), and crossed DNA methylation data with RNAseq-based expression data from an independent SCP set (n=8). Few (30) CpGs showed a significant (p<0.05; absolute Delta-Beta>0.20) differential methylation between the two groups. Within SCPs, methylation correlated significantly with post-cerebrovascular event time (PCET; range: 3-45 days; r-value range -0.926 to 0.857; p<0.05) for ~45,000 CpGs, the vast majority of which became hypomethylated with increasing PCET. Hypomethylation was not due to erasure of the gene-body and CG-poor region hypermethylation that accompany the progression of stable lesions, but rather targeted promoters and CpG islands. Noticeably, promoter hypomethylation and increased expression were observed for genes involved in the inhibition of the inflammatory response, defence against oxidative stress and active DNA demethylation. Our data show that only weak changes in the DNA methylome distinguish symptomatic from asymptomatic carotid plaques, but a widespread demethylation resulting in permissive transcriptional marks at atheroprotective gene promoters is established in plaques after a cerebrovascular event, thus mirroring previous observations that ruptured plaques tend to revert to a more stable structure. The identified loci are candidate targets to accelerate the pace of carotid plaque stabilization. DNA was quantified by Quant-iT PicoGreen dsDNA Reagent (Invitrogen) and the integrity was analyzed in a 1.3% agarose gel. Bisulfite conversion of 600 ng of each sample was perform according to the manufacturer's recommendation for Illumina Infinium Assay. Effective bisulphite conversion was checked for three controls that were converted simultaneously with the samples. 4 ul of bisulfite converted DNA were used to hybridize on Infinium HumanMethylation 450 BeadChip, following Illumina Infinium HD Methylation protocol. Chip analysis was performed using Illumina HiScan SQ fluorescent scanner. The intensities of the images are extracted using GenomeStudio (2011.2) Methylation module (1.8.5) software. Methylation score of each CpG is represented as beta value.
keywords:
methylation profiling by array
format:
HTML
storedIn:
Array Express
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not compressed
accessType:
landing page
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none
authentication:
none
primary:
true
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/experiments/E-GEOD-66500
format:
JSON
storedIn:
OmicsDI
qualifier:
not compressed
accessType:
download
authorization:
none
authentication:
none
primary:
false
accessURL: www.omicsdi.org/ws/dataset/arrayexpress-repository/E-GEOD-66500.json
format:
XML
storedIn:
OmicsDI
qualifier:
not compressed
accessType:
download
authorization:
none
authentication:
none
primary:
false
accessURL: http://www.omicsdi.org/ws/dataset/arrayexpress-repository/E-GEOD-66500.xml
ID:
SCR:014747
name:
Omics Discovery Index
abbreviation:
OmicsDI
homePage: http://www.omicsdi.org/