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Title: Monocyte subsets exhibit transcriptional plasticity and a shared response to interferon in SIV-infected rhesus macaques      
ID:
PRJNA386019
description:
The progression to AIDS is influenced by changes in the biology of heterogeneous monocyte subsets. Classical (CD14++CD16-), intermediate (CD14++CD16+), and nonclassical (CD14+CD16++) monocytes may represent progressive stages of monocyte maturation or disparate myeloid lineages with different turnover rates and function. To investigate the relationship between monocyte subsets and the response to SIV infection, we performed microarray analysis of monocyte subsets in rhesus macaques at three timepoints: prior to SIV infection, 26 days post-infection, and necropsy with AIDS. Genes with a 2-fold change between monocyte subsets (2023 genes) or infection timepoints (424 genes) were selected. We identify 172 genes differentially expressed among monocyte subsets in both uninfected and SIV-infected animals. Classical monocytes express genes associated with inflammatory responses and cell proliferation. Nonclassical monocytes express genes associated with activation, immune effector functions, and cell cycle inhibition. The classical and intermediate subsets are most similar at all timepoints, and transcriptional similarity between intermediate and nonclassical monocytes increases with AIDS. Cytosolic sensors of nucleic acids, restriction factors, and interferon-stimulated genes are induced in all three subsets with AIDS. We conclude that SIV infection alters the transcriptional relationship between monocyte subsets and that the innate immune response to SIV infection is conserved across monocyte subsets. Overall design: 30 total samples representing sorted CD14++CD16-, CD14++CD16+, and CD14+CD16++ peripheral blood monocytes from 4 rhesus macaques at three different stages of SIV infection (pre-infection, day 26 post-infection, and at necropsy with AIDS) are included.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA386019
authentication:
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authorization:
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name:
Macaca mulatta
ncbiID:
ncbitax:9544
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject