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Title: Compromised oocyte quality and assisted reproduction contribute to sex-specific effects on offspring outcomes and epigenetic patterning      
keywords:
Epigenomics
ID:
PRJNA336545
description:
Clinical studies have revealed an increased incidence of growth and genomic imprinting disorders in children conceived using Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART), and aberrant DNA methylation has been implicated. We propose that compromised oocyte quality associated with female infertility may make embryos more susceptible to the induction of epigenetic defects by ART. DNA methylation patterns in the preimplantation embryo are dependent on the oocyte-specific DNA methyltransferase 1o (DNMT1o), levels of which are decreased in mature oocytes of aging females. Here, we assessed the effects of maternal deficiency in DNMT1o (Dnmt1∆1o/+) in combination with superovulation and embryo transfer on offspring DNA methylation and development. We demonstrated a significant increase in the rates of morphological abnormalities in offspring collected from Dnmt1∆1o/+ females only when combined with ART. Together, maternal oocyte Dnmt1o deficiency and ART resulted in an accentuation of placental imprinting defects and the induction of genome-wide DNA methylation alterations, which were exacerbated in the placenta compared to the embryo. Significant sex-specific trends were also apparent, with a preponderance of DNA hypomethylation in females. Among genic regions affected, a significant enrichment for neurodevelopmental pathways was observed. Taken together, our results demonstrate that oocyte DNMT1o-deficiency exacerbates genome-wide DNA methylation abnormalities induced by ARTs in a sex-specific manner and plays a role in mediating poor embryonic outcome. Overall design: Reduced representation bisulfite sequencing of E11.5 embryonic tissue (whole embryo and placenta) obtained from naturally mating, or ART matings wildtype or heterozygote for Dnmt1o
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA336545
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:28173052
name:
Mus musculus
ncbiID:
ncbitax:10090
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject