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Title: Colorectal cancer and the human gut microbiome : Reproducibility of associations between the human gut microbiome and colorectal cancer assessed in a patient population from Washington, DC, USA      
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ID:
PRJEB12449
description:
Accumulating evidence indicates that the gut microbiota affects colorectal cancer development, but previous studies have varied in population, technical methods, and associations with cancer. Understanding these variations is needed for comparisons and for potential pooling across studies. Therefore, we performed whole-genome shotgun metagenomics sequencing on fecal samples from 52 pre-treatment colorectal cancer cases and 52 matched controls from Washington, DC. We compared findings from a previous 16S rRNA study to the metagenomics-derived taxonomy within the same population. In addition, metagenome-predicted genes, modules, and pathways in the Washington, DC cases and controls were compared to cases and controls recruited in France whose specimens were processed using the same platform. Associations between the presence of fecal Fusobacteria, Fusobacterium, and Porphyromonas with colorectal cancer detected by 16S rRNA were reproduced by metagenomics, whereas higher relative abundance of Clostridia in cancer cases based on 16S rRNA was merely borderline based on metagenomics. Considering significant cancer associations with the relative abundance of genes, modules, and pathways in the French population, statistically significant associations in the Washington, DC population were detected for four out of 10 genes, three out of nine modules, and seven out of 17 pathways. In conclusion, metagenomic sequencing results reproduced most, but not all of the major taxonomic associations with colorectal cancer previously observed from 16S rRNA profiles. In addition, colorectal cancer in the Washington, DC study was associated with 39% of the metagenome-predicted genes, modules, and pathways identified from the French study. More within and between population comparisons are needed to identify sources of variation and disease associations that can be reproduced despite these variations. Future studies must have larger sample sizes or pool data across studies to have sufficient power to detect associations that are reproducible and significant after correction for multiple testing.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJEB12449
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dateReleased:
02-02-2016
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject