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Title: Cardiocondyla obscurior strain:BR alpha : Transcriptomic response to injury in ant queens      
keywords:
transcriptome
ID:
PRJNA309926
description:
The trade-off between reproduction and longevity is widespread among multicellular organisms. As an important exception, the reproductive females of perennial social insects (ants, honeybees, termites) are simultaneously highly fertile and very long-lived relative to their non-reproductive nestmates. The observation that increased fecundity is not coupled with decreased lifespan suggests that social insect queens do not have to reallocate resources between reproduction and self-maintenance. If queens have to compensate for the costs of reproduction on the level of the individual, the activation of other energy-demanding physiological processes might force them to reduce the production of eggs. To test this hypothesis in ant queens, we increased immunity costs by injury and measured the effect of this treatment on egg-laying rates and genome-wide gene expression. Amputation of both middle legs led to a temporary decrease of egg laying rates and affected the expression of 947 genes corresponding to 9 % of the transcriptome. The changes comprised the upregulation of the immune and wound healing response on one hand, and the downregulation of germ cell development, central nervous system development and learning ability on the other hand. Injury strongly influenced metabolism by inducing catabolism and repressing amino acid and nitrogen compound metabolism. By comparing our results to similar transcriptomic studies in insects, we found a highly consistent upregulation of immune genes due to sterile and septic wounding. The gene expression changes, complemented by the temporary decline of egg-laying rates, clearly reveal a trade-off between reproduction and the immune response in social insect queens.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA309926
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
name:
Cardiocondyla obscurior
ncbiID:
ncbitax:286306
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject