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Title: Caspase-10 is a negative regulator of caspase-8-mediated cell death with gene inductive properties      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA304012
description:
Formation of the Death-Inducing Signalling Complex (DISC) initiates the extrinsic apoptotic signalling cascade. Caspase-8 and its regulator cFLIP control death signalling by binding to the receptor via DISC-bound FADD. By elucidating the function of Caspase-10, a close homologue of caspase-8, we unexpectedly found that caspase-10 negatively regulates caspase-8-mediated cell death signalling in the DISC. We demonstrate that caspase-10 inhibits the activation of caspase-8 independent of cFLIP. Furthermore, we show that caspase-8 does not compete with other tandem DED proteins such as cFLIP or caspase-10 in binding via FADD to the receptor as current models suggest. By utilizing caspase-8 knockout cells, we demonstrate that caspase-8 has to be placed upstream of both cFLIP and caspase-10 in the DISC. We further show that DISC formation and/or stability depends on caspase-8 but is independent from its enzymatic activity. Surprisingly, we identified caspase-10 to rewire DISC-signalling to NF-kB activation and cell survival. Our data are consistent with a model in which caspase-10 and cFLIP co-ordinately regulate caspase-8-mediated cell death signalling. Overall design: Caspase-10 and control shRNA expressing HeLa cells were analysed for gene expression in respect to CD95L stimulation by RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. Three indepedent replicates were used for each condition. Untreated cells served as a reference of basal gene expression.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA304012
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
name:
Homo sapiens
ncbiID:
ncbitax:9606
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject