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Title: Drosophila melanogaster : Paramutation in Drosophila linked to emergence of a piRNA-producing locus      
keywords:
transcriptome
ID:
PRJNA168380
description:
A paramutation is an epigenetic interaction between two alleles of a locus, through which one allele induces a heritable modification of the other allele without modifying the DNA sequence. The paramutated allele becomes itself paramutagenic, i.e. capable to convert epigenetically a new paramutable allele. Here, we describe the first case of paramutation in animals showing long-term transmission over generations. We previously characterized a homology-dependent silencing mechanism referred to as Trans-Silencing Effect (TSE), and involved in P transposable element repression in the germline. Here, we show that clusters of P-element derived transgenes that induce strong TSE can convert other homologous transgene clusters incapable of TSE into strong silencers, which transmit the acquired silencing capacity through 50 generations. The paramutation occurs without any need for chromosome pairing between the paramutagenic and the paramutated loci and is mediated by maternal inheritance of cytoplasm carrying PIWI-Interacting RNAs (piRNAs) homologous to the transgenes. The repression capacity of the paramutated locus is abolished by a loss-of-function mutation of the aubergine gene involved in piRNA biogenesis, but not by a loss-of-function mutation of the Dicer-2 gene involved in siRNA production. The paramutated cluster, previously producing barely detectable levels of piRNAs, is converted into a stable, strong piRNA-producing locus by the paramutation and becomes fully paramutagenic itself. Our work provides a genetic model for the emergence of piRNA loci, as well as for RNA-mediated trans-generational repression of transposable elements.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA168380
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
name:
Drosophila melanogaster
ncbiID:
ncbitax:7227
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject