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Title: Gene expression analysis of granulosa cells from Fzd1 WT and KO mice      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA167694
description:
WNT4 is required for normal ovarian follicle development and female fertility in mice, but how its signal is transduced remains unknown. Fzd1 encodes a WNT receptor whose expression is markedly induced in both mural granulosa cells and cumulus cells during the preovulatory period, in a manner similar to Wnt4. To study the physiological roles of FZD1 in ovarian physiology and to determine if it serves as receptor for WNT4, Fzd1-null mice were created by gene targeting. Whereas rare Fzd1-/- females were sterile due to uterine fibrosis and ovarian tubulostromal hyperplasia, the majority were subfertile, producing ≈1 less pup per litter on average relative to controls. Unlike WNT4-deficient mice, ovaries from Fzd1-/- mice had normal weights, numbers of follicles, steroid hormone production and WNT4 target gene expression levels. Microarray analyses of granulosa cells from periovulatory follicles revealed few genes whose expression was altered in Fzd1-/- mice. However, gene expression analyses of cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) revealed a blunted response of both oocyte (Zp3, Dppa3, Nlrp5, Bmp15) and cumulus (Btc, Ptgs2, Sema3a, Ptx3, Il6, Nts, Alcam, Cspg2) genes to the ovulatory signal, whereas the expression of these genes was not altered in WNT4-deficient COCs from Wnt4tm1.1Boer/tm1.1Boer;Tg(CYP19A1-cre)1Jri mice. Despite altered gene expression, cumulus expansion appeared normal in Fzd1-/- COCs both in vitro and in vivo. Together, these results indicate that Fzd1 is required for normal female fertility and may act in part to regulate oocyte maturation and cumulus cell function, but is unlikely to function as the sole ovarian WNT4 receptor. Overall design: Triplicate RNA samples from granulosa cells of Fzd1 KO mice are compared to triplicate RNA samples from granulosa cells of control Fzd1 WT mice
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA167694
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:22954793
name:
Mus musculus
ncbiID:
ncbitax:10090
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject