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Title: Daphnia magna exposed to narcotics and polar narcotics - methanol      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA155221
description:
Structural analogues are assumed to elicit toxicity via similar predominant modes of action (MOAs). Currently, MOA categorization of chemicals in environmental risk assessment is mainly based on the physico-chemical properties of potential toxicants. It is often not known whether such classification schemes are also supported by mechanistic biological data. In this study, the toxic effects of two groups of structural analogues (alcohols and anilines) with predefined MOA (narcotics and polar narcotics) were investigated at different levels of biological organization (gene transcription, energy reserves and growth). Chemical similarity was not indicative of a comparable degree of toxicity and a similar biological response. Categorization of the test chemicals based on the different biological responses (growth, energy use and gene transcription) did not result in a classification of the predefined narcotics versus the predefined polar narcotics. Moreover, gene transcription based clustering profiles were indicative of the observed effects at higher level of biological organization. Furthermore, a small set of classifier genes could be identified that was discriminative for the clustering pattern. These classifier genes co-varied with the organismal and physiological responses. Compared to the physico-chemistry based MOA classification, integrated biological multi-level effect assessment can provide the necessary MOA information that is crucial in high-quality environmental risk assessment. Our findings support the view that transcriptomics tools hold considerable promise to be used in biological response based mechanistic profiling of potential (eco)toxicants. Overall design: The hybridization design was a universal reference design (a mixture of aliquots from control and exposed samples), which is recommended when class discovery is the main purpose of the experiment. One of the three biological replicates of each exposure condition was labeled with one dye, the remaining two samples were labeled with the second dye.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA155221
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
dateReleased:
02-01-2012
name:
Daphnia magna
ncbiID:
ncbitax:35525
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject