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Title: Post-transcriptional generation of miRNA variants by multiple nucleotidyl transferases contributes to miRNA transcriptome complexity (Validation 2)      
keywords:
Other
ID:
PRJNA142159
description:
Modification of microRNA sequences by the 3' addition of nucleotides to generate so-called “isomiRs” adds to the complexity of miRNA function, with recent reports showing that 3' modifications can influence miRNA stability and efficiency of target repression. Here we show that the 3' modification of miRNAs is a physiological and common post-transcriptional event that shows selectivity for specific miRNAs and is observed across species ranging from C. elegans to human. The modifications result predominantly from adenylation and uridylation, and are seen across tissue types, disease states, and developmental stages. To quantitatively profile 3' nucleotide additions, we developed and validated a novel assay based on NanoString Technologies' nCounter platform. For certain miRNAs, the frequency of modification was altered by processes such as cell differentiation, indicating that 3' modification is a biologically regulated process. To investigate the mechanism of 3' nucleotide additions, we used RNA interference to screen a panel of eight candidate miRNA nucleotidyl transferases for 3' miRNA modification activity in human cells. Multiple enzymes, including PAPD1, PAPD4, PAPD5, ZCCHC6, ZCCHC11, and TUT1, were found to govern 3' nucleotide addition to miRNAs in a miRNA-specific manner. Three of these enzymes–PAPD1, ZCCHC6 and TUT1–have not previously been known to modify miRNAs. Collectively, our results indicate that 3' modification observed in next generation small RNA sequencing data is a biologically relevant process, and identify enzymatic mechanisms that may lead to new approaches for modulating miRNA activity in vivo. The matrix presents the counts from when the two pools of synthetic oligos were profiled in the each of the three bridge pools. Overall design: We validated the specificity of the platform for the miRNAs of interest by assaying two pools of synthetic RNA oligonucleotides representing canonical or 3' variant versions of 14 miRNAs. Each bridge pool (i.e., canonical, variant 1 or variant 2 sequences) was used to assay the two mixtures of synthetic miRNA oligonucleotides. A single replicate of each pool was profiled in each assay.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA142159
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:21813625
dateReleased:
06-15-2011
name:
synthetic construct
ncbiID:
ncbitax:32630
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject
  • T32 GM07270/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/United States

  • R01 DK-085714/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/United States

  • 5 T32 CA09657-16/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States

  • T32 CA009657/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States

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