Mountain View
biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem
help Advanced Search
Title: Pervasive gene content variation and copy number variation in both maize and its undomesticated progenitor      
keywords:
Other
ID:
PRJNA130747
description:
Different individuals of the same species are generally thought to have very similar genomes. However, there is growing evidence that structural variation in the form of copy number variation (CNV) and presence-absence variation (PAV) can lead to variation in the genome content of individuals within a species. In order to investigate the potential contribution of CNV and PAV to genomic diversity in maize we used array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) to compare gene content and copy number variation among 25 diverse maize inbreds 14 genotypes of the wild ancestor of maize, teosinte. The microarray included multiple probes for each of the ~32,500 stringently filtered genes identified in the B73 reference genome. We identified 479 genes exhibiting higher copy number in some genotypes (UpCNV) and 3,410 genes that have either fewer copies or are missing in the genome of at least one genotype relative to B73 (DownCNV/PAV). Many of these DownCNV/PAV are examples of genes that are present in B73 but missing from the genome of several other genotypes. Over 70% of the CNV/PAV examples are identified in multiple genotypes and the majority of events are observed in both maize and teosinte suggesting that these reflect relatively old variants that are not associated with domestication or maize improvement. Many of the genes affected by CNV/PAV are either maize-specific or members of genes families suggesting that the gene loss can be tolerated through buffering by redundant functions encoded elsewhere in the genome. Many plant genomes are relatively large and contain the remnant of whole genome duplications which may provide the ability to tolerate high levels of structural variation. While this structural variation may not result in major qualitative variation due to genetic buffering, it may significantly contribute to quantitative variation. Overall design: 1-2 replications of 25 maize inbred and 14 teosinte genotypes were hybridized to an array designed from the ~32,400 genes in the maize B73 reference genome.
accesstypes:
download
landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA130747
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:21036921
dateReleased:
10-15-2010
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject