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Title: Molecular profiling of cytomegalovirus-induced human CD8+ T cell differentiation      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA130033
description:
CD8+ T cells play a critical role in the immune response to viral pathogens. Persistent human CMV (HCMV) infection results in a strong increase in the number of virus-specific, quiescent effector-type CD8+ T cells with constitutive cytolytic activity, but the molecular pathways involved in the induction and maintenance of these cells are unknown. We show here that HCMV infection induced acute and lasting changes in the transcriptomes of virus-reactive T cells collected from HCMV-seropositive patients at distinct stages of infection. Enhanced cell cycle and metabolic activity was restricted to the acute phase of the response, but at all stages, HCMV-specific CD8+ T cells expressed the Th1-associated transcription factors T-bet (TBX21) and eomesodermin (EOMES), in parallel with continuous expression of IFNG mRNA and IFN-g–regulated genes. The cytolytic proteins granzyme B and perforin as well as the fractalkine-binding chemokine receptor CX3CR1 were found in virus-reactive cells throughout the response. During HCMV latency, virus-specific CD8+ T cells lacked the typical features of exhausted cells found in other chronic infections. Persistent effector cell traits together with the permanent changes in chemokine receptor usage of virus-specific, nonexhausted, long-lived CD8+ T cells may be crucial to maintain lifelong protection from HCMV reactivation. Overall design: CD8+ T cells of naive, effector, and memory type were isolated from six latently chronic-infected healthy donors. For RNA isolation and microarray analysis, 3 independent donors and a pool of 3 additional healthy individuals were used. Total RNA of all naive CD8+ T cells was pooled and used as a common reference sample.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA130033
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:20921622
dateReleased:
09-16-2010
name:
Homo sapiens
ncbiID:
ncbitax:9606
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject