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Title: Gene expression profiles in ruminal tissue from cows fed high or low concentrate diets      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA121833
description:
Cattle are often fed high concentrate diets to increase energy intake and improve overall animal performance. Such diets also cause changes in fermentation patterns and epithelial function. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in regulating epithelial function for cattle fed high concentrate diets have not been elucidated. In this study, we aimed to gain a broad overview of the involved molecular mechanisms by detecting differentially expressed genes (DEG) in rumen tissue from dairy cows fed a low concentrate (LC; 8%) compared to a high concentrate (HC; 64%) diet using a bovine-specific microarray platform containing 16,846 unique gene loci and 5,943 ESTs from the bovine genome. Feeding the HC diet increased the total volatile fatty acid concentration and markedly reduced ruminal pH, suggesting that the dietary treatments used did induce changes in ruminal fermentation. In response to changes in the ruminal environment, a total of 5,200 elements were detected as DEG in ruminal tissue with >1.5-fold expression change (P < 0.05) for cows fed HC relative to LC. Of the 5,200 DEG, 2,233 and 2,967 were up- and down-regulated, respectively. The GENECODIS analysis elucidated that relationships among the DEG represented 19 annotations characterized with GO molecular function and KEGG pathways with 26 DEG identified in multiple annotations such as calcium signaling and gap junction pathways. Among those DEG that were identified numerous times, catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PRKACB) was down-regulated in ruminal tissue from cows fed HC, suggesting that this gene may have important roles including regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation, and intracellular pH regulation. Overall design: Two-condition experiment, High concentrate vs. Low concentrate diets. Biological replicates: 5 high concentrate fed, 5 low concentrate, independently grown and harvested. Two replicates per array.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA121833
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:20732839
dateReleased:
10-02-2010
name:
Bos taurus
ncbiID:
ncbitax:9913
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject