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Title: Comprehensive Characterization of 3D Models for Prostate Cancer Growth and Invasion in Laminin-rich Extracellular Matrix      
dateReleased:
12-06-2010
description:
Full title: Comprehensive Characterization of Three-Dimensional Models for Prostate Cancer Growth and Invasion in Laminin-rich Extracellular Matrix Prostate Cancer (PrCa) cells undergo acinar morphogenesis and spheroid formation in three-dimensional (3D) culture, supported by laminin-rich extracellular matrix (lrECM, Matrigel). We developed miniaturized 3D model systems that facilitate investigation of morphogenesis and invasion of normal and PrCa cell lines in lrECM. Primary and non-transformed cell lines formed round structures with strong cell-cell contacts and epithelial polarization, lumen and a complete basal lamina (BL). In contrast, most PrCa cell lines formed either defective, “mass” spheroids with incomplete BL, or invasive “stellate” structures. The bioinformatic analyses of genome-wide mRNA expression data revealed massive alteration of key functional and signaling pathways in 3D cultures, with lipid and steroid metabolism, epigenetic reprogramming, and differentiation-related transcription factors induced across all cell lines by lrECM. In invasive cells, AKT, PI3Kinase, mTOR, and hedgehog signaling pathways were most highly activated, validated by small molecule inhibitors compounds specifically targeting key regulatory molecules. Compounds against AKT and PI3kinase pathways were significantly more effective in invasive cells, compared to mass or round/normal phenotype spheroids, and monolayer culture. A severe morphologic conversion was observed in PC-3 and PC-3M cells, transforming initially round, normal-appearing epithelial spheroids into rapidly invading cell masses. Markers for EMT (epithelial-mesenchymal transition) were highly expressed already in early stage, round spheroids prior to invasive conversion, and were not further increased in invasive cells. This indicates that PrCa cells can display extraordinary plasticity. EMT may be involved in providing a metastable genotype that allows morphological transformation, but is not be required for invasive processes themselves. Total RNA was obtained from non-transformed prostate epithelial cells and prostate cancer cells cultured in monolayer and three-dimensional laminin-rich extracellular matrix (growth factor-reduced Matrigel).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-19426
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
19426
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-10-2011
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-MEXP-1172
name:
Illumina HumanRef-8 v3.0 Expression BeadChip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-19426/E-GEOD-19426.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-19426/E-GEOD-19426.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE19426
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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