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Title: Strand-specific transcriptome profiling with directly labeled RNA on genomic tiling microarrays      
dateReleased:
12-09-2010
description:
Background: With lower manufacturing cost, high spot density, and flexible probe design, genomic tiling microarrays are ideal for comprehensive transcriptome studies. Typically, transcriptome profiling using microarrays involves reverse transcription, which converts RNA to cDNA. The cDNA is then labeled and hybridized to the probes on the arrays, thus the RNA signals are detected indirectly. Reverse transcription is known to generate artifactual cDNA, in particular the synthesis of second-strand cDNA, leading to false discovery of antisense RNA. To address this issue, we have developed an effective method using RNA that is directly labeled, thus by-passing the cDNA generation. This paper describes the development of this method and its application to mapping transcriptome profiles. Results: RNA extracted from laboratory cultures of Porphyromonas gingivalis was fluorescently labeled with an alkylation reagent and hybridized directly to probes on genomic tiling microarrays specifically designed for this periodontal pathogen. The generated transcriptome profile was strand-specific and produced signals close to background level in most antisense regions of the genome. In contrast, high levels of signal were detected in the antisense regions when the hybridization was done with cDNA. In addition, five antisense areas were tested with independent strand-specific RT-PCR and none to negligible amplification was detected, indicating that the strong antisense cDNA signals were artifacts. Conclusions: An efficient method was developed for mapping transcriptome profiles specific to both coding strands of a bacterial genome. This method chemically labels and uses extracted RNA directly in microarray hybridization. The generated transcriptome profile was free of cDNA artifactual signals. In addition, this method requires fewer processing steps and is more sensitive in detecting small amount of RNA compared to end-labeling methods due to the incorporation of more fluorescent molecules per RNA fragment. This serial of experiments were performed to compare the transcriptome profiles revealed between the use of cDNA (converted from RNA) and RNA. Three samples of cDNA-based method were provided and two samples of RNA-based method were included. The signal intensities of these arrays were normalized based on both the in-between array method and the genomic DNA reference arrays (included) using the R 'tilingarray' package and these experiments were referred in the paper.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-25876
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
25876
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-03-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Porphyromonas gingivalis
ID:
A-GEOD-11291
name:
Porphyromonas gingivalis W83 genomic tiling array mapped format
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-25876/E-GEOD-25876.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-25876/E-GEOD-25876.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE25876
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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