Mountain View
biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem
help Advanced Search
Title: hHGF Overexpression in Myoblast Sheets Enhances Their Angiogenic Potential in Rat Chronic Heart Failure      
dateReleased:
12-10-2010
description:
Ischemia, fibrosis, and remodeling lead to heart failure after severe myocardial infarction (MI). Myoblast sheet transplantation is a promising therapy to enhance cardiac function and induce therapeutic angiogenesis via a paracrine mechanism in this detrimental disease. We hypothesized that in a rat model of MI-induced chronic heart failure this therapy could further be improved by overexpression of the antiapoptotic, antifibrotic, and proangiogenic hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in the myoblast sheets. We studied the ability of wild type (L6-WT) and human HGF-expressing (L6-HGF) L6 myoblast sheet-derived paracrine factors to stimulate cardiomyocyte, endothelial cell, or smooth muscle cell migration in culture. Further, we studied the autocrine effect of hHGF-expression on myoblast gene expression using microarray analysis. We induced MI in Wistar rats by left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) ligation and allowed heart failure to develop for four weeks. Thereafter, we administered L6-WT (n=15) or L6-HGF (n=16) myoblast sheet therapy. Control rats (n=13) underwent LAD ligation and rethoracotomy without therapy and five rats underwent sham-operation in both surgeries. We evaluated cardiac function with echocardiography at 2 and 4 weeks after therapy administration. We analyzed cardiac angiogenesis and left ventricular architecture from histological sections 4 weeks after therapy. Paracrine mediators from L6-HGF myoblast sheets effectively induced migration of cardiac endothelial and smooth muscle cells but not cardiomyocytes. Microarray data revealed that hHGF-expression modulated myoblast gene expression. In vivo, L6-HGF sheet therapy effectively stimulated angiogenesis in the infarcted and non-infarcted areas. Both L6-WT and L6-HGF therapies enhanced cardiac function and inhibited remodeling in a similar fashion. In conclusion, L6-HGF therapy effectively induced angiogenesis in the chronically failing heart. Cardiac function, however, was not further enhanced by hHGF-expression. Analysis of the L6 rat skeletal myoblast cell line and myoblast cell sheets with constitutive human HGF expression.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-25752
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
25752
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-10-2011
creators:
Antti Siltanen
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Rattus norvegicus
ID:
A-AFFY-43
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Rat Genome 230 2.0 [Rat230_2]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-25752/E-GEOD-25752.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-25752/E-GEOD-25752.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE25752
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute