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Title: Comparative transcriptome profiling analyses during the lag phase uncover YAP1, PDR1, PDR3, RPN4 and HSF1 as key regulatory genes in genomic adaptation to the lignocellulose derived inhitibor-stress for saccharomyces cerevisiae      
dateReleased:
12-31-2010
description:
The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is able to adapt and in situ detoxify lignocellulose derived inhibitors such as furfural and HMF. The length of lag phase for cell growth in response to the inhibitor challenge has been used to measure tolerance of strain performance. Mechanisms of yeast tolerance at the genome level remain unknown. Using systems biology approache, this study investigated comparative transcriptome profiling, metabolic profiling, cell growth response and gene regulatory interactions of yeast strains and selective gene deletion mutations in response to HMF challenges during the lag phase of growth. Three hundred and sixty-five candidate genes were identified and found at least three significant components involving some of these genes that enable yeast adaptation and tolerance to HMF in yeast. First, functional enzyme coding genes such as ARI1, ADH6, ADH7 and OYE3, as well as gene interactions involved in the biotransformation and inhibitor detoxification were direct driving force to reduce HMF damages in cells. Expressions of these genes were regulated by YAP1 and its closely related regulons. Second, a large number of PDR genes, mainly regulated by PDR1 and PDR3, were induced during the lag phase and the PDR gene family-centered functions, including specific and multiple functions involving cellular transport such as TPO1, TPO4, RSB1, PDR5, PDR15, YOR1, and SNQ2, promoted cellular adaptation and survival in order to cope with the inhibitor stress. Third, expressed genes involving degradation of damaged proteins and protein modifications such as SHP1 and SSA4, regulated by RPN4, HSF1 and other co-regulators, were necessary for yeast cells to survive and adapt the HMF stress. A deletion mutation strainΔrpn4 was unable to recover the growth in the presence of HMF. Complex gene interactions and regulatory networks as well as co-regulations exist in yeast adaptation and tolerance to the lignocellulose derived inhibitor HMF. Both induced and repressed genes involving diversified functional categories are accountable for adaptation and energy rebalancing in yeast to survive and adapt the HMF stress during the lag phase of growth. Transcription factor genes YAP1, PDR1, PDR3, RPN4 and HSF1 appeared to play key regulatory rules for global adaptation in the yeast S. cerevisiae. Cells were incubated on SC medium with HMF(30 mM) 6 h after pre-culture.Cultures grown under the same conditions without the HMF served as control. cells were harvested from 0, 10, 30, 60, 120 min, immediately frozen on dry ice, and then stored at -80 ℃. Two replicated experiments were carried out for each condition. Total RNA was isolated by hot phenol method and purified using RNeasy Mini Kit. Genome microarray of S. cerevisiae was fabricated with a version of 70-mer oligo set representing 6,388 genes. A mini-array consisting of quality control genes was designed on the top of the target array. Cy5 labeled RNA at 0 time point was designated as a reference and Cy3 was used to label test samples. An equal amount of at least 30 pmol Cy3 and Cy5 labeling reaction was applied for hybridization. Hybridization was performed based on Hegde et al (2000) with modifications using HS 4800 Hybridization station.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-22939
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
22939
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-01-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
ID:
A-GEOD-10684
name:
NCAUR/USDA-ARS Yeast 70-mer oligo array
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-22939/E-GEOD-22939.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-22939/E-GEOD-22939.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE22939
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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