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Title: Study of ecs mutation      
dateReleased:
01-01-2011
description:
In this study we mutated the ecsAB operon in two different Staphylococcus aureus strains, Newman and LS-1, and performed a wide characterization of phenotypic effects of the mutations. A growth defect, increased autolysis and lysostaphin sensitivity, decreased levels of cell wall proteins and altered cell surface texture indicate that Ecs deficiency causes significant changes in the cell wall. The precursor form of staphylokinase was released into the wall in an Ecs-dependent manner. Pathogenicity of the ecs mutants was studied with a mouse arthritis model. Mice inoculated with ecs mutants developed markedly milder infections than when inoculated with the wild-type strains, as was illustrated by a lower mortality, less weight loss, decreased persistence of staphylococci in the kidneys and a milder arthritis. DNA microarray analysis revealed that inactivation of Ecs in S. aureus Newman caused either up-regulation or down-regulation of genes encoding various membrane transport proteins, particularly ABC transporters and phosphate-specific transport (PST) systems. Differentially expressed were also several genes encoding proteins involved in virulence, including the virulence factor regulator protein Rot, protein A, adhesins and capsular polysaccharide biosynthesis proteins. Furthermore, the susceptibility of ecs mutant to ribosomal antibiotics as well as the chelerythrine and sanguinarine plant alkaloids was increased. WT and ecsA mutant strains were hybridized at 3 and 6 hours of growth in rich medium (4-replicates)
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-22353
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
22353
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Staphylococcus aureus
ID:
A-GEOD-10537
name:
Agilent-021782 Custom Staphylococcus aureus V6 Array
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-22353/E-GEOD-22353.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-22353/E-GEOD-22353.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE22353
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress