Mountain View
biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem
help Advanced Search
Title: Modulation of calcium activated potassium channels induces cardiogenesis of pluripotent stem cells and enrichment of pacemaker- like cells      
dateReleased:
01-03-2011
description:
Background: Ion channels are key determinants for the function of excitable cells but little is known about their role and involvement during cardiac development. Earlier work identified Ca2+-activated potassium channels of small and intermediate conductance (SKCas) as important regulators of neural stem cell fate. Here, we have investigated their impact on the differentiation of pluripotent cells towards the cardiac lineage. Methods and Results: We have applied the SKCa-activator EBIO on embryonic stem cells and identified this particular ion channel family as a new critical target involved in the generation of cardiac pacemaker-like cells: SKCa-activation led to rapid remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton, inhibition of proliferation, induction of differentiation and diminished teratoma formation. Time-restricted SKCa-activation induced cardiac mesoderm and commitment to the cardiac lineage as shown by gene regulation, protein and functional electrophysiological studies. In addition, the differentiation into cardiomyocytes was modulated in a qualitative fashion, resulting in a strong enrichment of pacemaker-like cells. This was accompanied by induction of the sino-atrial gene program and in parallel by a loss of the chamber-specific myocardium. In addition, SKCa activity induced activation of the Ras-Mek-Erk signaling cascade, a signaling pathway involved in the EBIO-induced effects. Conclusions: SKCa-activation drives the fate of pluripotent cells towards the cardiac lineage and preferentially into pacemaker-like cardiomyocytes. This provides a novel strategy for the enrichment of cardiomyocytes and in particular, the generation of a specific subtype of cardiomyocytes, pacemaker-like cells, without genetic modification. Untreated ES cells in three independent experiments: - Untreated control ES cells sample 1 (Con_1) - Untreated control ES cells sample 2 (Con_2) - Untreated control ES cells sample 3 (Con_3) EBIO-treated ES cells in three independent experiments: - EBIO-treated ES cells sample 1 (EBIO_1) - EBIO-treated ES cells sample 2 (EBIO_2) - EBIO-treated ES cells sample 3 (EBIO_3) Untreated differentiated ES cells in two independent experiments: - Untreated control differentiated ES cells sample 1 (Con_day5+10_1) - Untreated control differentiated ES cells sample 2 (Con_day5+10_2) EBIO-treated differentiated ES cells in two independent experiments: - EBIO-treated differentiated ES cells sample 1 (EBIO_day5+10_1) - EBIO-treated differentiated ES cells sample 2 (EBIO_day5+10_2)
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-18660
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
18660
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
03-27-2012
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-AFFY-45
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse Genome 430 2.0 [Mouse430_2]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-18660/E-GEOD-18660.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-18660/E-GEOD-18660.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE18660
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

Feedback?

If you are having problems using our tools, or if you would just like to send us some feedback, please post your questions on GitHub.