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Title: Chronic Cigarette Smoke Exposure Results in Coordinated Methylation and Gene Expression Changes in Human Alveolar Macrophages      
dateReleased:
02-03-2011
description:
Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of emphysema in the United States. Alveolar macrophages play a critical role in the inflammation-mediated remodeling of the lung parenchyma in emphysema. However, the exact gene pathways and the role of DNA methylation in moderating this pathological transformation are not known. In order to more exactly understand this process, we compared genome-wide expression and methylation signatures of alveolar macrophages isolated from heavy smokers with those isolated from non-smoking controls. We found enrichment of differential methylation in genes from immune system and inflammatory pathways as determined by standard pathway analysis. Consistent with recent findings, significant methylation changes were particularly enriched in the areas flanking CpG islands (CpG shores). Analysis of matching gene expression data demonstrated a parallel enrichment for changes in immune system and inflammatory pathways. We conclude that alveolar macrophages from the lungs of smokers demonstrate coordinated changes in DNA methylation and gene expression that link to inflammation pathways. We suggest that further studies of DNA methylation in immune and inflammation-related gene expression are needed to understand the pathogenesis of emphysema and other smoking-related diseases. Expression analysis of 13 smokers vs. 10 non-smokers on the Affymetrix Exon Array. This submission represents the expression component of the study.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-27002
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
27002
keywords:
functional genomics
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-AFFY-143
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Human Exon 1.0 ST Array version 1, [HuEx-1_0-st-v1]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-27002/E-GEOD-27002.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-27002/E-GEOD-27002.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE27002
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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