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Title: Impact of mediator nitric oxide on gene expression in human chondrocytes      
dateReleased:
02-17-2011
description:
Osteoarthritis (OA) is an aging-associated disease of diarthrodial joints that involves changes in the bone, cartilage and soft tissue. Chondrocytes are the only cell type in cartilage and play a pivotal role in tissue homeostasis and cartilage remodeling in OA. Age- or OA-dependent metabolic changes affecting extracelluar matrix composition as well as variations in the response to cytokines and growth factors have been investigated in human chondrocytes. However, the molecular mechanisms causing age-dependent variation of the chondrocyte phenotype are poorly characterized. The proinflammatory mediator nitric oxide (NO) is produced when chondrocytes are exposed to cytokines such as IL-1. NO affects the energy metabolism of cells through interfering with mitochondrial respiration and glycolysis and has been implicated in extracellular matrix synthesis and degradation and chondrocyte death. NO may contribute to the aging process by compromising the energy balance ! in chondrocytes through the generation of an oxidizing environment and this may in turn affect matrix gene expression. In human chondrocytes NO effects on the expression of extacelluar matrix genes or genes related to matrix structure have not been addressed comprehensively. In chondrocytes NO has profound effects on extracellular matrix: Interleukin-1 induced the production of nitric oxide in human articular chondrocytes in alginate culture and simultaneously inhibited the biosynthesis of proteoglycans. NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) inhibited nitric oxide formation and the suppression of proteoglycan synthesis. The nitric oxide donor, S-nitrosyl-acetyl-D,L- penicillamine (SNAP) also inhibited proteoglycan biosynthesis suggesting that interleukin-1 suppresses matrix synthesis through mechanisms involving the production of NO. Slices of rabbit articular cartilage synthesized large quantities of nitric oxide (NO) following exposure to IL-1 and strongly suppressed the incorporation of 35SO4 into the glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) of cartilage proteoglycans. Simultaneous treatment of cartilage fragments with IL-1 and L-NMMA inhibited NO synthesis in response to IL-1 and restored proteoglycan synthesis. SNAP reversibly mimicked the effect! of IL-1 on proteoglycan synthesis. These data suggest that endogenously synthesized NO is the mediator which reduces cartilage proteoglycan synthesis in response to cytokines such as IL-1. Aggrecan and type II collagen synthesis are also affected by NO. Our hypothesis entails that in human chondrocytes endogenous NO modulates the expression of matrix genes as well as enzymes involved in extracellular matrix remodelling. Experimental approach: In this experiment cultured chondrocytes from 3 donors was left unstimulated (control) or stimulated with IL-1, L-NMMA or IL-1 + L-NMMA for a period of 8 days in order to achieve sufficiently high levels of intracellular NO and stable expression of a subset of genes. Total RNA was isolated using the Trizol procedure. Gene expression will be probed using the Glycov2 chip. In this study cultured chondrocytes from three donors will either be left unstimulated (control) or stimulated with IL-1, L-NMMA or IL-1 L-NMMA for a period of 8 days in order to achieve sufficiently high levels of intracellular NO and stable expression of a subset of genes. 12 Samples were hybridized and analyzed using the GLYCOv2 array, three from each class.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-27357
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
27357
keywords:
functional genomics
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-11094
name:
[GLYCOv2a520086F] Custom Affymetrix Glyco v2 GeneChip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-27357/E-GEOD-27357.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-27357/E-GEOD-27357.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE27357
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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