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Title: Gene expression signatures for human iPS cell lines      
dateReleased:
03-07-2011
description:
The reprogramming of human fibroblasts to generate induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) has been achieved through the expression of only a few exotic factors1-8, which is morphologically and molecularly verified in outer cellular states by characteristic markers, due to the remodeling of the somatic cell transcription programs in inner cellular states to the ES-like condition. Transcription factor-induced reprogramming to self-renewal and pluripotency raises the question as to how the exotic factors act to bring about these changes in the two cellular states9-11. Here, we applied RNA profiling to uncover gene expression changes and glycan profiling12 to survey structural changes in glycans, to compare hiPSCs and parental somatic cells, in total 51 cells, which were originally cultured and established, and the changes were analyzed by the combination of standard statistical techniques and a network approach13. We fist found a gene expression signature of 2502 genes with significant difference between iPSCs and SCs, and by the following network analysis by considering the expression signature, we found a network signature of 28 regulatory networks of 76 genes, which were related to the glycan biosynthetic pathways including 3 glycosyltransferase, in addition to well known signal pathways and cell-cell interaction pathways. Concomitantly, we found a glycan signature of six glycan structures characterized 16 lectins on lectin microarray by the correspondence with 12 glycosyltransferases in expression signature. In particular, the correspondence detected between the three expression signatures revealed 14 candidate glycosyltransferase, which are responsible for glycan transfer related to known epitopes for the differentiation such as SSEA epitope family in glycan biosynthesis pathway, based on characteristic changes in the cellular surface states of the hiPSCs. This sheds new light on a possible linkage between the inner and outer cellular states for reprogramming to self-renewal and pluripotency in hiPSC. Gene expressions in human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells and the provenance somatic cells . iPS cells were induced from four different somatic cells by infection of the retroviral vectors pMXs encoding OCT3/4, SOX2, KLF4 and c-MYC, simultaneously.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-20750
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
20750
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-AGIL-28
name:
Agilent Whole Human Genome Microarray 4x44K 014850 G4112F (85 cols x 532 rows)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-20750/E-GEOD-20750.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-20750/E-GEOD-20750.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE20750
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress