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Title: Microarray analysis of differential utilization of plant based diets by rainbow trout      
dateReleased:
04-01-2011
description:
Background: The decreasing availability of fishmeal as a protein source in aquaculture diets will require aquaculture to develop an econmoical and sustainable protien replacement. Plant proteins are readily available and are being tested as a promising alternative to replace a substantial portion of fishmeal which currently provides most of the protein content in aquaculture diets. The types of plant protein feasible for incorporation into aquaculture diets will likely contain various anti-nutritional compounds, carbohydrates, fiber, and a different amino acid profile than what is found in fishmeal. Substantial genetic variation was previously observed for growth on plant based dits in rainbow trout Hence, it will be beneficial to identify metabolic and physiologic pathways related to enhanced plant protein utilization which will aid in identifying genes that contribute to this genetic variation. Results: Microarray analysis of liver samples from two families of rainbow trout that differed in their growth responses when compared between individuals grown on a fish meal or plant protein based diet. Differential expression relating to dietary utilization between the two families found significant changes in expression of 33 ESTs. Eight of the differntially expressed ESTs had identified mammalian homologs that had been previously researched with identified cellular interactions and functions. Conclusions: Utilizing pathway analysis software to analyze sequences annotated with known mammalian genes were were ablet o map gene pathway and process interactions. From this information we were able to infer that the metabolic changes associated with utilization of plant protein versus fishmeal were associated with differential reaulation of genes related to cell oxidative stress, proliferation, growth, and survival. Furthermore, we inferred from the changes we observed in immune response genes expression that ingestion of this plant based diet upregulated the expression of genes involved in immunoregulatroy processes. Genotyped samples linked to families that had 4 or more members sampled on each diet were identified and ranked according to average family weight on each diet. Size rankings corresponded to large (>750 g), medium (600-640 g), and small (<500 g). From these identified groups 2 families were chosen for microarray expression analysis that demonstrated individuals with growth differences between the two diets. Data for the two families used for analysis and slide arrangements are listed in table 3. The families compared for growth differences between diets used for this study only differed by one growth range, large fish on fish meal compared to medium fish on plant-based diet and medium sized fish on fishmeal diet compared to small fish on plant-based diet. This strategy to use size separation within family was an attempt to identify gene changes more specific to diet utilization than specific for growth differences.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-28310
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
28310
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Oncorhynchus mykiss
ID:
A-GEOD-6260
name:
cGRASP Salmon 16k cDNA array
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-28310/E-GEOD-28310.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-28310/E-GEOD-28310.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE28310
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress