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Title: Aire regulates transfer of antigen from mTEC to dendritic cells for induction of thymic tolerance      
dateReleased:
04-06-2011
description:
To investigate the role of Aire in thymic selection, we examined the cellular requirements for generation of ovalbumin (OVA)-specific CD4 and CD8 T cells in mice expressing OVA under the control of the rat insulin promoter (RIP). Aire-deficiency reduced the number of mature single positive (SP) OVA-specific CD4+ or CD8+ T cells in the thymus, independent of OVA expression. Importantly, it also contributed in two way to OVA-dependent negative selection depending on the T cell type. Aire-dependent negative selection of OVA-specific CD8 T cells correlated with Aire-regulated expression of OVA. By contrast, for OVA-specific CD4 T cells, Aire affected tolerance induction by a mechanism that operated independent of the level of OVA expression, controlling access of antigen presenting cells to mTEC-expressed OVA. This study supports the view that one mechanism by which Aire controls thymic negative selection is by regulating the indirect presentation of mTEC-derived antigens by thymic dendritic cells. It also indicates that mTEC can mediate tolerance by direct presentation of Aireregulated antigens to both CD4 and CD8 T cells. Total RNA was extracted from medullary thymic epithelial cells isolated from wildtype and Aire-deficient C57BL/6 mice for comparison of gene expression profiles.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-28393
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
28393
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
04-18-2011
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-MEXP-933
name:
Illumina MouseWG-6 v1.1 Expression BeadChip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-28393/E-GEOD-28393.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-28393/E-GEOD-28393.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE28393
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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