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Title: Using Gene Expression to Assess the Status of Fish from Anthropogenically Influenced Estuarine Wetlands      
dateReleased:
04-19-2011
description:
The diverse mixture of contaminants frequently present in estuarine wetlands complicates their assessment by routine chemical or biological analyses. We investigated the use of gene expression to assess contaminant exposure and the condition of southern California (USA) estuarine fish. Liver gene expression, plasma estradiol concentrations and gonad histopathology were used to investigate the biological condition of longjaw mudsuckers (Gillichthys mirabilis). A wide array of metals, legacy organochlorine pesticides, PCBs and contaminants of emerging concern were detected in sediments and whole fish. Overall gene expression patterns were characteristic to each of four sites investigated in this study. Differentially expressed genes belonged to several functional categories including xenobiotic metabolism, detoxification, disease and stress responses. In general, plasma estradiol concentrations were similar among fish from all areas. Some fish gonads had pathologic changes (e.g. infection, inflammation) that could indicate weakened immune systems and chronic stress. The differential expression of some genes involved in stress responses correlated with the prevalence of histologic gonad lesions. This study indicates that sentinel fish gene expression data is a promising tool for assessing the biological condition of fish exposed to environmental contaminants. Key Words: Gene expression, fish, contaminants, estuaries. This abstract belongs to a manuscript that has been submitted to Environmental Science and Technology. The manuscript has been invited as part of an especial Omics Issue which is expected to be published in 2012. In this study, we used hepatic gene expression in wild longjaw mudsuckers (Gillichthys mirabilis) to assess biological responses from anthropogenically influenced wetlands. We investigated the relationships among gene expression responses, chemical exposure and additional biological responses in this species. We studied estuarine wetlands that had diverse contaminant characteristics and received three main types of contaminant inputs in different proportions: agricultural runoff, urban runoff and municipal wastewater.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-28695
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
28695
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Gillichthys mirabilis
ID:
A-GEOD-13423
name:
SCCWRP-Vulpe Longjaw Mudsucker 15K v1.0.
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-28695/E-GEOD-28695.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-28695/E-GEOD-28695.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE28695
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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