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Title: Gene expression profiles in rat mesenteric lymph nodes upon supplementation with conjugated linoleic acid during gestation and suckling      
dateReleased:
07-21-2011
description:
A summary of the work associated to these microarrays is the following: Diet plays a role in the development of the immune system, and polyunsaturated fatty acids can modulate the expression of a variety of genes. Human milk contains conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), a fatty acid that seems to contribute to immune development. Indeed, recent studies carried out in our group in suckling animals have shown that the immune function is enhanced after feeding 80:20 isomer mix of c9,t11 and t10,c12 CLA, respectively. However, little work has been done on the effects of CLA on gene expression, and even less regarding immune system development in early life. With all these concepts in mind, we determined the expression profile of Mesentheric Lymph Nodes (MLN) from animals supplemented with CLA during gestation and suckling through dam’s milk (Group A) or by oral gavage (Group B), supplemented just during suckling (Group C) and control animals (Group D) with the aid of the specific GeneChip ® Rat Genome 230 2.0 (Affymettrix). Bioinformatic analyses were performed using the GeneSpring GX software package v10.0.2 and lead to the identification of 123 genes differentially expressed in all three dietary approaches. Generation of a Biological Association Network (BAN) evidenced several genes, such as connective tissue growth factor (Ctgf), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (Timp1), galanin (Gal), synaptotagmin 1 (Syt1), growth factor receptor bound protein 2 (Grb2) actin gamma 2 (Actg2) and smooth muscle alpha actin (Acta2), as highly interconnected nodes of the resulting network. Gene underexpression was confirmed by Real-Time RT-PCR. We conclude that Ctgf, Timp1, Gal and Syt1, among others, are genes modulated by CLA supplementation that may have a role on lymphoproliferation and mucosal immune responses in early life. The aim of our study was to evaluate, by using whole genome microarrays, the effects of dietary supplementation with an 80:20 isomer mix of c9,t11 and t10,c12 CLA, respectively, on Mesentheric Lymph Nodes gene expression, during gestation and/or suckling. Three experimental approaches were conducted to assess the effects of CLA supplementation on I) pups from dams fed with 1% CLA diet during the two weeks of gestation and throughout the suckling period (Group A). These pups received CLA through the dam’s milk during suckling (Total Period of CLA Supplementation (TPS) 5 wk); II) pups from dams fed with 1% CLA diet during gestation and standard diet during suckling. These pups were CLA-supplemented daily during suckling by oral gavage (TPS 5 wk) (Group B); III) pups from dams fed standard diet during gestation and suckling and receiving CLA by daily oral gavage throughout the suckling period (TPS 3 wk) (Group C). Group D, pups from dams fed standard diet throughout the study, constituted the reference diet group (TPS 0 wk). Triplicate samples were hybridized for each experimental condition (12 samples in total). The samples provided were analyzed using the specific software GeneSpring GX.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-23004
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
23004
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-16-2011
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Rattus norvegicus
ID:
A-AFFY-43
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Rat Genome 230 2.0 [Rat230_2]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-23004/E-GEOD-23004.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-23004/E-GEOD-23004.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE23004
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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