Mountain View
biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem
help Advanced Search
Title: Benign Breast Cores from Healthy Women Treated with Tamoxifen or Placebo      
dateReleased:
07-21-2011
description:
Five years of tamoxifen reduces breast cancer risk by nearly 50% but is associated with significant side-effects and toxicities. A better understanding of the direct and indirect effects of tamoxifen in benign breast tissue could elucidate new mechanisms of breast carcinogenesis, suggest novel chemoprevention targets, and provide relevant early response biomarkers for Phase II prevention trials. Seventy-three women at increased risk for breast cancer were randomized to tamoxifen (20 mg daily) or placebo for three months. Blood and breast tissue samples were collected at baseline and post-treatment. Sixty-nine women completed all study activities (37 tamoxifen and 32 placebo). The selected biomarkers focused on estradiol and IGFs in the blood, DNA methylation and cytology in random periareolar fine needle aspirates, and tissue morphometry, proliferation, apoptosis, and gene expression (microarray and RT-PCR) in the tissue core samples. Tamoxifen downregulated ets-oncogene family members ETV4 and ETV5 and reduced breast epithelial cell proliferation independent of CYP2D6 genotypes or effects on estradiol, ESR1 or IGFs. Reduction in proliferation was correlated with downregulation of ETV4 and DNAJC12. Tamoxifen also modulated expression of RAB GTPases, and several genes involved in epithelial-stromal interaction, and reduced tumor suppressor gene methylation. Three months of tamoxifen did not affect breast tissue composition, cytological atypia, preneoplasia or apoptosis. Tamoxifen may durably reduce breast cancer risk through downregulation of ETV4 and ETV5 which could deplete mammary progenitor populations. This pathway has the potential to provide novel targets and early response biomarkers for phase II prevention trials. Randomized prospective double blinded placebo-controlled trial of tamoxifen (20 mg daily) versus placeo in women at increased risk for breast cancer. Gene expression was assessed in whole breast tissue cores obtained at baseline and after three months of treatment for 35 women. Core biopsies were obtained in the late luteal phase (day 28 +/- 2) for premenopausal women (N = 19). Breast lobules from the baseline and post-treatment cores were microdissected for 5 tamoxifen subjects.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-29338
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
29338
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-16-2011
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-13376
name:
Illumina HumanWG-6 v2.0 expression beadchip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-29338/E-GEOD-29338.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-29338/E-GEOD-29338.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE29338
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress