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Title: Whole genome expression array profiling highlights differences in mucosal defense genes in Barrett's esophagus and esophageal adenocarcinoma      
dateReleased:
08-16-2011
description:
Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) has become a major concern in Western countries due to rapid rises in incidence coupled with very poor survival rates. One of the key risk factors for the development of this cancer is the presence of Barrett’s esophagus (BE), which is believed to form in response to repeated gastro-esophageal reflux. In this study we performed comparative, genome-wide expression profiling (using Illumina whole-genome Beadarray) on total RNA extracted from esophageal biopsy tissues from individuals with EAC, BE (in the absence of EAC) and those with normal squamous epithelium. We combined these data with publically accessible raw data from three similar studies to investigate key gene and ontology differences between these three tissue states. The results support the deduction that BE is a tissue with enhanced glycoprotein synthesis machinery (DPP4, ATP2A3, AGR2) designed to provide strong mucosal defenses aimed at resisting gastro-esophageal reflux. EAC exhibits the enhanced extracellular matrix remodeling (collagens, IGFBP7, PLAU) effects expected in an aggressive form of cancer, as well as evidence of reduced expression of genes associated with mucosal (MUC6, CA2, TFF1) and xenobiotic (AKR1C2, AKR1B10) defenses. When our results are compared to previous whole-genome expression profiling studies keratin, mucin, annexin and trefoil factor gene families are the most frequently represented gene families. Eleven genes identified here are also represented in at least 3 other profiling studies. We used these genes to discriminate squamous, BE and EAC within the two largest cohorts using a support vector machine leave one out cross validation analysis. While this method was satisfactory for discriminating squamous and BE, it demonstrates the need for more detailed investigations into profiling changes within BE leading to the progression towards EAC. A comparison of three esophageal biopsy groups from separate individuals: normal squamous (n=9), Barrett's esophagus without dysplasia (n=22) & adenocarcinoma (n=23). Adenocarcinoma samples overlap with members of DNA copy number analysis GEO series GSE10506 such that, in each case genomic DNA and total RNA were extracted from the same biopsy. The matching copy number data GEO samples IDs are noted in characteristics: Matching CN Sample ID
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-28302
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
28302
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-22-2011
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-MEXP-691
name:
Illumina Human-6 v1 Expression BeadChip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-28302/E-GEOD-28302.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-28302/E-GEOD-28302.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE28302
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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