Mountain View
biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem
help Advanced Search
Title: Peripheral Blood Cell Gene Expression Profiles in Kidney Transplant Patients      
dateReleased:
08-29-2011
description:
Background: We aimed to investigate the effects of intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) and rituximab desensitization treatment on kidney transplant rate and blood gene expression profiles by microrarrays. Methods: We enrolled patients with PRA levels >50% and on the deceased-donor waiting list for >5 years. Patients received IVIG (2.0 g/kg) on day 0 and 30; and rituximab (375 mg/m2) on day 15. The antibodies with mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) values > 5,000 were reported to UNET as unacceptable antigens. The gene expression profiles of blood samples collected in PAXGene tube were studied by Affymetrix HuGene 1.0 ST expression arrays. Results: 40 of the 415 patients (10%) on the waiting list were eligible for desensitization treatment and 11 completed the treatment. While 15 of the remaining 29 patients (52%) received a transplant without therapy, only 2 of the 11 desensitized patients (18%) received transplant during a median follow-up of 217 days. While there were no statistically significant difference in demographics, desensitized patients had higher cPRA values (97% vs. 77%, p=0.0005) and more number of unacceptable antigens (39 vs. 10, p=0.0001). There was no significant change in the mean number of unacceptable antigens (39 ± 22 versus 39 ± 23) or reduction in the mean MFI values (11,333 ± 3,133 vs 11,289 ± 3,386). Analysis of genes chosen as significantly differentially expressed revealed downregulation of genes involved in B cells and immune system (CD79a, B and T lymphocyte associated transcript, B cell scaffold protein, CD22, CXCR5, fas apoptotic inhibitory protein). Gene set enrichment analysis using Pathogenesis Based Transcripts created by Edmonton Group demonstrated significant downregulation of B cell associated (p=0.04) and immunoglobulin transcripts (p=0.03). Conclusion: Although, desensitization with IVIG and rituximab decreases the expression of B cell and immunoglobulin associated transcripts, it was not successful in increasing kidney transplant rate or in decreasing the number of unacceptable antigens. Total of 28 arrays included in this study, which corresponding to 9 individuals with paired pre/post treatment samples and an additional 10 untreated control individuals. pair_analysis_normData.txt for paired analysis of pre/post treatment; ordinary_analysis_normData.txt for non-paired analysis include all samples, except for 38 Pax V0 and 56 Pax V1, which shows technicial bias and lowest array quality, hence removed from analysis.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-31729
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
31729
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
09-07-2011
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-AFFY-141
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Human Gene 1.0 ST Array [HuGene-1_0-st-v1]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-31729/E-GEOD-31729.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-31729/E-GEOD-31729.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE31729
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress