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Title: Molecular bases of virulence variability in Staphylococcus aureus mastitis isolates      
dateReleased:
11-11-2011
description:
Background: S. aureus is one of the main pathogen involved in ruminant mastitis worldwide. The severity of staphylococcal infection is highly variable and ranges from subclinical to gangrenous mastitis. Such variability implies host as well as staphylococcal factors. This work is an in-depth characterization of S. aureus mastitis isolates to identify factors involved in mastitis severity. Methods and findings: We combined three “omic” approaches to comprehensively compare two clonally related S. aureus strains that were isolated from and shown to reproducibly induce severe (strain O11) and milder (strain O46) mastitis in ewes. The genomes of O11 and O46 were sequenced (Illumina technology) to determine their respective gene content and comparative transcriptomic and proteomic analyses were carried out on both strains grown in conditions mimicking mastitis context. High differences were highlighted in mobile genetic elements, iron acquisition and metabolism, transcriptional regulation and exoprotein production. In particular, O11 overproduced exoproteins, including toxins and proteases when compared to O46. This was confirmed in 4 other S. aureus strains isolated from subclinical or clinical mastitis cases. Dose-dependant production of some staphylococcal factors seem to play a role in hypervirulence of strains isolated from severe mastitis. Mobile genetic elements, transcriptional regulators, exoproteins or strain ability to deal with iron starvation constitute good targets for further research to better define the underlying mechanisms of mastitis severity. Conclusions: Differences observed in mastitis severity likely result from the ability of the strains to adapt and to express virulence factors in the mastitis context rather than from deep variations in gene content. Expression of S. aureus O46 from subclinical mastitis and O11 from a lethal gangrenous mastitis were compared at two different times
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-25084
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
25084
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-03-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Staphylococcus aureus
ID:
A-GEOD-11137
name:
Agilent 023389 GRL_V7_Staphylococcus_aureus
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-25084/E-GEOD-25084.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-25084/E-GEOD-25084.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE25084
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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