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Title: Xenopus M-phase extract treated induced pluripotent stem cells      
dateReleased:
11-21-2011
description:
Transfer of somatic cell nuclei to enucleated eggs or ectopic expression of specific transcription factors are two different reprogramming strategies used to generate pluripotent cells from differentiated cells. However, they are poorly efficient and other unknown factors might be required to increase their success rate. Here, we show that Xenopus egg extracts at the metaphase stage (M phase) have a strong reprogramming activity on mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs). First, they reset replication properties of MEF nuclei toward a replication profile characteristic of early development and they erase several epigenetic marks, such as trimethylation of H3K9, H3K4 and H4K20. Second, when MEFs are reversibly permeabilized in the presence of M phase Xenopus egg extracts, they show a transient increase in cell proliferation, form colonies and start to express specific pluripotency markers. Finally, transient exposure of MEF nuclei to M phase Xenopus egg extracts increases the success of nuclear transfer to enucleated mouse oocytes and strongly synergize with the production of pluripotent stem cells by ectopic expression of transcription factors. The mitotic stage of the egg extract is crucial as neither of these effects is detected when using interphasic Xenopus egg extracts. Our data demonstrate that mitosis is essential to make mammalian somatic nuclei prone to reprogramming and that, surprisingly, the heterologous Xenopus system has features that are conserved enough to remodel mammalian nuclei. MEF cells were infected by retroviruses encoding for Oct4, Sox2, Klf4 and c-Myc and, then reversibly permeabilized and treated with Xenopus M-phase extract. All samples of each cell type (e.g. untreated MEF, ES cells and M-iPS cells) were made in triplicates. Total RNAs were extracted with RNeasy kit and hybridized on Nimblegen MM9 microarrays.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-31691
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
31691
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-25-2012
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-GEOD-14353
name:
NimbleGen IGH Mus musculus array [100718_MM9_EXP]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-31691/E-GEOD-31691.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-31691/E-GEOD-31691.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE31691
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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