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Title: Discovery of novel recurrent mutations and rearrangements in early T-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia by whole genome sequencing      
dateReleased:
11-23-2011
description:
Early T-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ETP ALL) is an aggressive malignancy of unknown genetic basis. We performed whole genome sequencing of tumour and normal DNA from 12 children with ETP ALL and assessed the frequency of somatic alterations in 52 ETP and 42 non-ETP T-ALL samples by sequencing and DNA copy number analysis. ETP ALL was characterised by a high frequency of activating mutations in genes regulating cytokine receptor and Ras signalling (67% of cases; NRAS, KRAS, FLT3, IL7R, JAK3, JAK1, SH2B3 and BRAF); alterations disrupting haemopoietic development (58%; GATA3, ETV6, RUNX1, IKZF1, EP300); and inactivating mutations in histone modifying genes (48%; EZH2, EED, SUZ12, SETD2 and EP300). We also identified new targets of mutation including DNM2, ECT2L and RELN. Ten of 12 ETP ALL cases harboured chromosomal rearrangements, several of which complex and resulted in the expression of novel chimeric in-frame fusion genes disrupting haemopoietic regulators. Thus, similar to myeloid malignancies, mutations that drive proliferation, impair differentiation and disrupt histone modification are hallmarks of ETP ALL. Moreover, the global transcriptional profile of ETP ALL was similar to that of normal and myeloid leukaemia haemopoietic stem cells. These findings suggest that addition of myeloid-directed therapies might improve the poor outcome of ETP ALL. Gene expression profiling was performed on 52 single diagnosis tumor samples. No control or reference samples were included.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-28703
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
28703
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-26-2012
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-13158
name:
[HT_HG-U133_Plus_PM] Affymetrix HT HG-U133+ PM Array Plate
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-28703/E-GEOD-28703.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-28703/E-GEOD-28703.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE28703
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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