Mountain View
biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem
help Advanced Search
Title: Neurotoxicogenomic investigations to assess mechanisms of action of the munitions constituents RDX and 2,6-DNT in Northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) (part 4 of 10)      
dateReleased:
11-23-2011
description:
Munitions constituents (MCs) including hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX), 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), and TNT derivatives are recognized to elicit aberrant neuromuscular responses in many species. The onset of seizures resulting in death was observed in the avian model Northern bobwhite after oral dosing with RDX beginning at 8 mg/kg/day in subacute (14 days) exposures, whereas affective doses of the TNT derivative, 2,6-dinitrotoluene (2,6-DNT), caused gastrointestinal impacts, lethargy, and emaciation in subacute and subchronic (60 days) exposures. To assess and contrast the potential neurotoxicogenomic effects of these MCs, a Northern bobwhite microarray was developed consisting of 4119 complementary DNA (cDNA) features enriched for differentially-expressed brain transcripts from exposures to RDX and 2,6-DNT. RDX affected hundreds of genes in brain tissue, whereas 2,6-DNT affected few (≤ 17), indicating that 2,6-DNT exposure had relatively little impact on the brain in comparison to RDX. Birds exhibiting RDX-induced seizures accumulated over 20× more RDX in brain tissues in comparison to non-seizing birds even within a common dose. In parallel, expression patterns were unrelated among seizing and non-seizing birds exposed to equivalent RDX doses. In birds experiencing seizures, genes related to neuronal electrophysiology and signal transduction were significantly affected. Comparative toxicology revealed strong similarity in acute exposure effects between RDX and the organochlorine insecticide dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) regarding both molecular mechanisms and putative mode of action. In a manner similar to DDT, we hypothesize that RDX elicits seizures by inhibition of neuronal cell repolarization postaction potential leading to heightened neuronal excitability and seizures facilitated by multiple molecular mechanisms. Northern Bobwhite 60 Day 2,6-DNT Exposure, Brain Tissue Investigation (Low Laser Intensity Scan): Juvenile male and female Northern bobwhite (12 weeks of age) were dosed with 2,6-DNT by daily gavage (0, 5, 10, 40, or 60 mg/kg/day). Each treatment group included 12 replicates per sex. Microarray experiments were conducted in a balanced interwoven-loop design using Cyanine-3 (Cy3) and A647. This experiment investigated the 60-day 2,6-DNT exposure comparing controls and the highest affective 2,6-DNT dose (60 mg/kg/day) in males and females, with all groups including three biological replicates for a total of 24 microarrays. To broaden signal detection, each microarray was scanned at high and low laser power to resolve low-intensity spots and reduce signal saturation, respectively (Skibbe et al., 2006). This dataset represents the Low Intensity Scan.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-33928
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
33928
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-04-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Colinus virginianus
ID:
A-GEOD-14917
name:
US Army Northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) custom brain tissue cDNA microarray
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-33928/E-GEOD-33928.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-33928/E-GEOD-33928.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE33928
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

Feedback?

If you are having problems using our tools, or if you would just like to send us some feedback, please post your questions on GitHub.