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Title: Long-term in vitro expansion of epithelial organoids from human colon, adenoma, adenocarcinoma and Barrett's Esophagus      
dateReleased:
12-07-2011
description:
Background & Aims: We have recently established long-term culture conditions under which single crypts or stem cells derived from murine small intestine expand over long periods of time. Growing crypts undergo multiple crypt fission events, whilst simultaneously generating villus-like epithelial domains in which all differentiated cell types are present. We have now adapted the culture conditions to grow similar epithelial organoids from mouse colon and human small intestine and colon. Methods: Based on the murine small intestinal culture system, we optimized the murine and human colon culture system. Results: Addition of Wnt3A to the growth factor cocktail allowed mouse colon crypts to expand indefinitely. Further addition of nicotinamide, a small molecule Alk inhibitor and a p38 inhibitor was essential for long-term human small intestine and colon culture. The culture system also allowed growth of murine Apcmin adenomas, human colorectal cancer and human esophageal metaplastic Barrett’s epithelium. Conclusion: The culture technology should be widely applicable as a research tool for infectious, inflammatory and neoplastic pathologies of the human gastrointestinal tract. Moreover, regenerative applications may become feasible with ex vivo expanded intestinal epithelia. Human organoids were grown embedded in Matrigel in HISC (Human intestinal stem cell culture) medium. Additionally, human small intestinal crypts and villi were isolated independently from a freshly operated sample. RNA was isolated using the RNeasy Micro kit (Qiagen). Samples were labled according to Agilent guidelines with Cy3, whereas human reference RNA (Stratagene) was labeled in Cy5. Feature Extraction Software was used to extract and normalize data.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-28907
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
28907
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-AGIL-28
name:
Agilent Whole Human Genome Microarray 4x44K 014850 G4112F (85 cols x 532 rows)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-28907/E-GEOD-28907.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-28907/E-GEOD-28907.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE28907
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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