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Title: Cooperation between Androgen Receptor and Polycomb in oncogenic transformation      
dateReleased:
12-11-2011
description:
Androgen receptor (AR) is a hormone-activated transcription factor that plays important roles in prostate development, function, as well as malignant transformation. The downstream pathways of AR, however, are incompletely understood. AR has been primarily known as a transcriptional activator inducing prostate-specific gene expression. Through integrative analysis of genome-wide AR occupancy and androgen-regulated gene expression, here we report AR as a globally acting transcriptional repressor. This repression is mediated by androgen responsive elements (ARE) and dictated by Polycomb group protein EZH2 and repressive chromatin remodeling. In embryonic stem cells, AR-repressed genes are occupied by EZH2 and harbor bivalent H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 modifications that are characteristic of differentiation regulators, the silencing of which maintains the undifferentiated state. Concordantly, these genes are silenced in castration-resistant prostate cancer rendering a stem cell-like lack of differentiation and tumor progression. Collectively, our data reveal an unexpected role of AR as a transcriptional repressor inhibiting non-prostatic differentiation and, upon excessive signaling, resulting in cancerous de-differentiation. It provides an innovative mechanism for castration resistance and highlights novel therapeutic strategies to treat advanced prostate cancer. Keywords: Genetic Modification compare gene expression in different cell lines with or without androgen treatment or EZH2 knockdown
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-31978
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
31978
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
12-17-2011
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-13475
name:
Illumina HumanHT-12 V4.0 expression beadchip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-31978/E-GEOD-31978.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-31978/E-GEOD-31978.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE31978
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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