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Title: Melphalan-treated human retinal endothelial cells      
dateReleased:
12-13-2011
description:
Super-selective intra-ophthalmic artery chemotherapy (SSIOAC) is an organ-specific drug-delivery strategy to treat retinoblastoma, the most common primary ocular malignancy in children. Unfortunately, recent clinical reports associate adverse vascular toxicities with SSIOAC using melphalan, the most commonly used chemotherapeutic. To explore the reason for the unexpected vascular toxicities, we have developed in vitro studies with human retinal endothelial cells to test the effects of the chemotherapeutics and a non-human primate model to monitor the SSIOAC treatment in real-time and post-treatment. Melphalan and carboplatin (another chemotherapeutic used to treat retinoblastoma via SSIOAC) triggered migration, proliferation, and apoptosis when used to treat human retinal endothelial cells. Melphalan was associated with increased adhesion of leukocytes to human retinal endothelial cells, and tended to increase with increased cell expression of adhesion proteins (ICAM-1) and soluble chemotactic factors (IL-8). Histopathology post-SSIOAC indicated vessel wall sloughing, leukostasis, and vessel occlusion. We have established an in vitro human cell culture model and a non-human primate model to evaluate strategies designed to obviate vascular side effects, and optimize the efficacy of SSIAOC and the drug preparations used in SSIOAC. 4 non-treated (MNT) vs. 4 melphalan-treated primary human retinal endothelial cells (RECs).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-34381
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
34381
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
12-19-2011
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-AFFY-141
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Human Gene 1.0 ST Array [HuGene-1_0-st-v1]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-34381/E-GEOD-34381.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-34381/E-GEOD-34381.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE34381
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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