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Title: MicroRNAs and their isomiRs function cooperatively to target common biological pathways (Illumina expression beadchip)      
dateReleased:
12-21-2011
description:
Variants of microRNAs, (isomiRs) are commonly reported in deep-sequencing studies; however the functional significance of these variants remains controversial. To assess their biological relevance, we have performed ultra-deep miRNA-seq on ten adult human tissues, and created an analysis pipeline (miRNA-MATE) to align, annotate, and analyze miRNAs and their isomiRs. We find that isomiRs share sequence and expression characteristics with canonical miRNAs, and are generally strongly correlated with canonical miRNA expression. We isolated polyribosome-associated mRNA, and captured the mRNA-bound miRNAs, and found that isomiRs and canonical miRNAs are equally associated with translational machinery. Finally, we transfected cells with biotinylated RNA duplexes encoding isomiRs or their canonical counterparts and directly assayed their mRNA targets. These studies showed substantial overlap in functional mRNA networks suppressed by both canonical miRNAs and their isomiRs. Together, these results find isomiRs to be biologically relevant and functionally synergistic partners of canonical miRNAs that act coordinately to target pathways of functionally related genes. This work exposes the complexity of the miRNA-transcriptome, and helps explain a major miRNA paradox: how specific regulation of biological processes can occur with predominantly non-specific miRNA-mRNA interactions. HEK293T cells were transfected with biotinylated miRNAs (either mir-10a-iso, mir-10a, mir-10b-iso or mir-10b) or a mock control. The miRNAs and target mRNA were pulled down with streptavidin. The pulled down RNA was hybridised to Illumina microarrays. The miRNA-Seq data have been submitted to the short read archive under SRA number SRP006043: SRP006043
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-29043
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
29043
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
01-05-2012
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-10558
name:
Illumina HumanHT-12 V4.0 expression beadchip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-29043/E-GEOD-29043.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-29043/E-GEOD-29043.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE29043
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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