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Title: Epigenetic regulation of Bmp2 and Smad6 in Ras-induced senescence      
dateReleased:
12-22-2011
description:
Epigenetically silenced Ink4a-Arf locus is activated by loss of H3K27me3 in cellular senescence, where secreted factor expression is also involved. Here we analyzed epigenome and transcriptome alteration during Ras-induced senescence using mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF). Seventeen genes with H3K27me3 loss and H3K4me3 gain showed marked upregulation, including p16Ink4a and Bmp2, a secreted factor for BMP/SMAD signal. Smad6, specific BMP/SMAD pathway inhibitor, was identified as the only one gene showing de novo H3K27 trimethylation with H3K4me3, resulting in strong repression. Ras-activated cells senesced with SMAD1/5/8 phosphorylation, and they escaped from senescence with decreased SMAD1/5/8 phosphorylation when introducing Smad6 or knocking-down Bmp2. Mouse embryonic fibroblasts were established from 13.5 embryonic day embryos of C57/B6. After cells were passaged twice (MEFp2), cells were infected with retroviruses for 48 hours. Then cells were exposed to 4 μg/mL peuromycin for selection during days 0-3, and were passed on days 3, 7, and 10. Retroviral vectors for Ras was constructed by cloning cDNAs for wild type HRAS (RasG12) and mutated HRAS (RasV12) by reverse-transcription PCR products from HMEC and SK-BR3 cell RNA, respectively, with N-terminal FLAG tag into pMX vector that contains puromycin resistance gene. Mock pMX vector (mock), and vectors containing RasG12 and oncogenic RasV12 were transfected into plat-E packaging cells using FuGENE 6 Transfection Reagent (Roche, Germany) to prepare retroviruses. Smad6 cDNA with N-termainal 6x Myc tag was also cloned into pMX vector. To knock down Bmp2, double strand oligonucleotide DNA to express small hairpin RNA against Bmp2 (shBmp2) was cloned into RNAi-Ready pSIREN-RetroQ Vector (Clontech, CA). Viral packaging for Smad6 and shBmp2 retrovirus vectors was also done using plat-E cells. For genome-wide transcription analysis, GeneChip Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Array (Affimetrix) was used. For global normalization, the average signal in an array was made equal to 100. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP)-sequencing was performed. MEFp2 cells and cells with mock, RasG12 or RasV12 infection at day 10 were cross-linked with 1% formaldehyde for 10 min at room temperature and were prepared for ChIP. ChIP using anti-H3K4me3 (ab8580, abcam, rabbit polyclonal) or H3K27me3 (07-142, Upstate, rabbit polyclonal) antibody was performed as described previously. Sample preparation for ChIP-sequencing was performed according to the manufacturer's instructions (Ilumina), and sequencing was performed using Solexa Giga sequencer.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-18125
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
18125
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-AFFY-45
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse Genome 430 2.0 [Mouse430_2]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-18125/E-GEOD-18125.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-18125/E-GEOD-18125.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE18125
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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