Mountain View
biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem
help Advanced Search
Title: Developmental underpinnings of differences in rodent novelty-seeking and emotional reactivity      
dateReleased:
12-31-2011
description:
Innate differences in human temperament strongly influence how individuals cope with stress and predispose for specific types of psychopathology. The present study examines the developing brain in an animal model of temperamental differences to understand how altered neurodevelopment may engender differences in emotional reactivity that are stable throughout the animal’s life. We utilize selectively-bred High Responder (bHR) and Low Responder (bLR) rats that exhibit dramatic emotional behavior differences, with bHRs exhibiting exaggerated novelty-exploration, aggression, impulsivity and drug self-administration, and bLRs showing marked behavioral inhibition, exaggerated anxiety- and depressive-like behavior. Using Affymetrix microarrays, we assessed bLR/bHR gene expression in the developing brain on postnatal days (P)7, 14, and 21, focusing on the hippocampus and nucleus accumbens, two regions related to emotionality and known to differ in adult bLR/bHR rats. We found dramatic bLR/bHR gene expression differences in the P7 and P14 hippocampus, with minimal differences in the nucleus accumbens. Some of the most profound differences involved genes critical for neurodevelopment and synaptogenesis. Stereological studies evaluated hippocampal structure in developing bHR/bLR pups, revealing enhanced hippocampal volume and cell proliferation in bLR animals. Finally, behavioral studies showed that the bHR/bLR behavioral phenotypes emerge very early in life, with exploratory differences apparent at P16 and anxiety differences present by P25. Together these data point to specific brain regions and critical periods when the bHR/bLR phenotypes begin to diverge, which may eventually allow us to test possible therapeutic interventions to normalize extreme phenotypes (e.g. the anxiety-prone nature of bLRs or drug addiction proclivity of bHRs). 2x2x3 factorial design with N=6 per group. Factors as follows: 1) Two selectively bred strains of rats (derived from an original Sprague Dawley population) termed High Responders (HR) and Low Responders (LR), 2) Two brain regions, Hippocampus (HPC) and Nucleus Accumbens (N.Acc), 3) Three developmental timepoints, specifically postnatal days 7 (P7), 14 (P14) and 21 (P21).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-29552
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
29552
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
01-23-2012
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Rattus norvegicus
ID:
A-GEOD-13653
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Rat Genome U34A Array [CDF: MBNI Version 13 (UniGene 183)]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-29552/E-GEOD-29552.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-29552/E-GEOD-29552.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE29552
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
Similar Datasets

Feedback?

If you are having problems using our tools, or if you would just like to send us some feedback, please post your questions on GitHub.