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Title: Transcriptional architecture of the primate neocortex      
dateReleased:
03-21-2012
description:
Genome-wide transcriptional profiling allows characterization of the molecular underpinnings of neocortical organization, including cortical areal specialization, laminar cell type diversity and functional anatomy. Microarray analysis of individual cortical layers across sensorimotor and association cortices in rhesus macaque demonstrated robust and specific laminar and areal molecular signatures driven by differential expression of genes associated with specialized neuronal function. Gene expression corresponding with laminar architecture was generally similar across cortical areas, although genes with robust areal patterning were often highly laminar as well, and these patterns were more highly conserved between macaque and human as compared to mouse. Layer 4 of primate primary visual cortex displayed a distinct molecular signature compared to other cortical regions, a specialization not observed in mouse. Overall, transcriptome-based relationships were strongest between proximal layers in a cortical area, and between neighboring areas along the rostrocaudal axis, reflecting in vivo cortical spatial topography and therefore a developmental imprint. Tissue from male and female monkeys (n = 2-3 animals/gender) was collected from anterior cingulate gyrus (ACG), layers 2, 3, 5, 6; orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), layers 2, 3, 5, 6; dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), layers 2-6; primary motor cortex (M1), layers 2, 3, 5, 6; primary somatosensory cortex (S1), layers 2-6; primary auditory cortex (A1), layers 2-6; primary visual cortex (V1), layers 2-6 including 4A, 4B, 4Calpha (4Ca), 4Cbeta (4Cb); secondary visual cortex (V2), layers 2-6; middle temporal area (MT), layers 2-6; temporal area (TE), layers 2-6; hippocampus, CA1, CA2, CA3, dentate gyrus (DG); and dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN), magnocellular, parvocellular and koniocellular divisions. Due to the limited number of samples that could be amplified concurrently, amplifications were performed in 3 batches (batches A-C, containing 102, 119 and 10 experimental samples, respectively). To control for batch effects, common RNA pool control samples were amplified and hybridized in each batch. These included LCM extracted hippocampus CA3 samples from the current study and a whole rhesus brain RNA pool (Biochain). These control samples were hybridized in 6 replicates in batch A and B and in 3 replicates in batch C (3 replicates per 96 well plate).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-31613
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
31613
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-03-2014
creators:
Susan Sunkin
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Macaca mulatta
ID:
A-AFFY-145
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Rhesus Macaque Genome Array [Rhesus]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-31613/E-GEOD-31613.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-31613/E-GEOD-31613.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE31613
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress