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Title: miR-206 integrates multiple components of differentiation pathways to control the transition from growth to differentiation in rhabdomyosarcoma cells (miRNA)      
dateReleased:
04-01-2012
description:
Background: Similar to replicating myoblasts, many rhabdomyosarcoma cells express the myogenic determination gene MyoD. In contrast to myoblasts, rhabdomyosarcoma cells do not make the transition from a regulative growth phase to terminal differentiation. Previously we demonstrated that the forced expression of MyoD with its E-protein dimerization partner was sufficient to induce differentiation and suppress multiple growth-promoting genes, suggesting that the dimer was targeting a switch that regulated the transition from growth to differentiation. Our data also suggested that a balance existed between various inhibitory transcription factors and MyoD activity that kept rhabdomyosarcomas trapped in a proliferative state. Methods: Potential myogenic co-factors identified by analysis of high-throughput sequencing of chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments in normal myogenic cells were tested for their ability to drive differentiation in rhabdomyosarcoma cell culture models, and their relation to MyoD activity determined through molecular biological experiments. Results: Modulation of the transcription factors RUNX1 and ZNF238, factors with poorly delineated roles in myogenic development, can induce differentiation in rhabdomyosarcoma cells and their activity is integrated, at least in part, through the activation of miR-206, which acts as a genetic switch to transition the cell from a proliferative growth phase to differentiation. The inhibitory transcription factor MSC also plays a role in controlling miR-206, appearing to function by occluding a binding site for MyoD in the miR-206 promoter. Conclusions: These findings suggest that nested feed-forward circuits that proceed from MyoD, to RUNX1, to ZNF238, and finally to miR-206 function in both rhabdomyosarcomas as well as normal myogenesis to control the decision point of proliferation versus differentiation. Two biologically independent sets of RD cells were transduced with either MD~E or empty vector pCLBabe retroviruses. After RNA extraction pairs of samples (MD~E versus pCLBabe) were hybridized to arrays, incorporating both dye-swap and technical replicates (i.e. 1 comparison x 2 dye-swaps x 2 biological replicates x 2 technical replicates = 8 arrays)
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-35606
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
35606
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-6844
name:
FHCRC miRNA Array v1.8.1
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-35606/E-GEOD-35606.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-35606/E-GEOD-35606.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE35606
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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