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Title: Transcriptomic analysis of the woodchuck model of chronic hepatitis B: Liver gene expression in uninfected, resolved and chronically infected woodchucks      
dateReleased:
04-10-2012
description:
The Eastern woodchuck (Marmota monax) is naturally infected with woodchuck hepatitis virus (WHV), a hepadnavirus closely related to the human hepatitis B virus (HBV). The woodchuck is used as an animal model for studying chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and HBV-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in humans, but the lack of sequence information has hitherto precluded functional genomics analysis. To address this major limitation of the model, we report here the sequencing, assembly and annotation of the woodchuck transcriptome, together with the generation of custom woodchuck microarrays. Using this new platform, we characterized the transcriptional response to persistent WHV infection and WHV-induced HCC. This revealed that chronic WHV infection, like HBV, is associated with (i) a limited intrahepatic type I interferon response, (ii) intrahepatic induction of markers associated with T cell exhaustion, (iii) elevated levels of suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) in the liver, and (iv) intrahepatic accumulation of neutrophils. Underscoring the translational value of the woodchuck model, this study also determined that WHV-induced HCC shares molecular characteristics with a subtype of human HCC with poor prognosis. Conclusion: Our data establish the translational value of the woodchuck model and provide new insights into immune pathways which may play a role either in the persistence of HBV infection or the sequelae of CHB. Custom microarrays, generated from sequences obtained in transcriptome sequencing of woodchuck liver and PBMCs, were used to examine liver gene expression in animals chronically infected with WHV (n=13), animals that had resolved WHV infection at least 12 months prior (R; n=11; range 12-18 months), and uninfected animals (U; n=10). Multiple technical replicates per woodchuck sample are included.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-36533
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
36533
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-27-2012
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Marmota monax
ID:
A-GEOD-15354
name:
NimbleGen Woodchuck Gene Expression HX3 Microarray
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-36533/E-GEOD-36533.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-36533/E-GEOD-36533.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE36533
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress