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Title: DNA Damage Response and Inflammatory Signaling Limit the MLL-ENL-induced Leukemogenesis in vivo      
dateReleased:
04-21-2012
description:
Activation of the MLL-ENL-ERtm oncogene initiates aberrant proliferation of myeloid progenitors. Here, we show induction of a fail-safe mechanism mediated by the DNA damage response (DDR) machinery that results in activation of the ATR/ATM-Chk1/Chk2-p53/p21 checkpoint and cellular senescence at early stages of cellular transformation caused by a regulatable MLL-ENL-ERtm in mice. Furthermore, we identified the transcription program underlying this intrinsic anti-cancer barrier, and DDR-induced inflammatory regulators that fine-tune the signaling towards senescence, thereby modulating the fate of MLL-ENL-immortalized cells in a tissue-environment-dependent manner. Our results indicate that DDR is a rate-limiting event for acquisition of stem cell-like properties in MLL-ENL-ERtm-mediated transformation, as experimental inhibition of the barrier accelerated the transition to immature cell states and acute leukemia development. We created a mouse model wherein the protein function of the MLL-ENL oncogene depends on tamoxifen due to fusion with the mutated estrogen-binding domain of the estrogen receptor (ERtm). After 7 months of tamoxifen administration, the MLL-ENL-ERtm mice developed a myeloproliferative disease, which progressed into the terminal stage after a long period (mean survival: 592 ± 112 days) of continuous tamoxifen provision. We have profiled gene expression at three time-points of tamoxifen treatment corresponding to three distinct cellular states of the MLL-ENL-ERtm-induced myeloproliferation in the bone marrow: 1. 7 months - high proliferation state with low DDR signaling (4 biological replicates), 2. 7-8 months - the transition period of lower proliferation and high DDR activity (4 biogical replicates) and 3. 8 months - the senescence (3 biological replicates). Time-matched tamoxifen-treated wild-type bone marrow analysed in 4 biological replicates. We have profiled gene expression in three disease stages in the spleen: 1. 7 months - early stage - induced proliferation and DDR (3 biological replicates), 2. 9-10 months - progression - partial senescence and DDR is maintained (3 biological replicates) and 3. 16-23 months - terminal stage - proliferation, low or absent DDR and no senescence (3 biological replicates). Time-matched tamoxifen-treated and age-matched wild-type spleens analysed in 5 biological replicates.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-35038
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
35038
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-24-2012
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-AFFY-36
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse Genome 430A 2.0 [Mouse430A_2]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-35038/E-GEOD-35038.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-35038/E-GEOD-35038.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE35038
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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