Mountain View
biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem
help Advanced Search
Title: An analysis of global gene expression reveals molecular and signalling pathways hallmarks of neural stem cell survival and expansion in response to FGF-2 and EGF      
dateReleased:
04-26-2012
description:
The culture of neural stem cells (NSCs) as floating neurospheres has become widely used as an experimental model to analyse the properties of NSCs. Although the neurosphere model has existed for two decades, there is still no standard protocol to grow NSCs in this way. Thus, we have analysed the consequences of the frequency of growth factor (FGF-2 and EGF) addition to embryonic and adult olfactory bulb stem cells (eOBSCs and aOBSCs) cultures, specifically in terms of proliferation, cell cycle progression, death and differentiation, as well as on global changes in gene expression and signaling pathways. We found that addition of FGF-2 and EGF every two or four days rather than daily significantly reduces the volume of the neurospheres and the total number of cells, changes that were more evident in aOBSC than in eOBSC cultures. The reduction in neurosphere size was mainly due to an increase in cell death and occurs without major changes in the cell cycle parameters tested. Moreover, partial deprivation of FGF-2 and EGF produces a mild increase in aOBSC differentiation during the proliferative phase. Remarkably, these effects were accompanied by a significant upregulation in the expression of genes involved in cell death regulation (Cryab), lipid catabolic processes (Pla2g7), cell adhesion (Dscaml1), cell differentiation (Dscaml1, Gpr17, S100b) and signal transduction (Gpr17, Ndrg2), among others. These findings support that continuous supply of FGF-2 and EGF is critical to maintain the viability/survival of NSCs in culture and reveals novel molecular hallmarks of NSC maintenance/survival and expansion in response to these growth factors. Total RNA was extracted from aOBSC cultures using the Trizol reagent (Invitrogen) and purified with Qiagen RNeasy Mini Kit separation columns (Qiagen). The RNA was sent to the Genomic Unit of CNB (Centro Nacional de Biotecnologia, Madrid, Spain). RNA integrity was corroborated by using Bioanalyzer. Then, cDNA was synthesized and hybridized to Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse Genome 430 2.0 arrays (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA, ) which contain a total of 45101 transcripts to assess and compare the overall gene expression profiles. 9 samples were analyzed. Ctr: Control mouse adult olfatory bulb stem cells (aOBSC) cultured with daily added Fgf2 and Egf, 3 biological rep C2: Mouse adult olfatory bulb stem cells (aOBSC) cultured with Fgf2 and Egf added every two days, 3 biological rep C4: Mouse adult olfatory bulb stem cells (aOBSC) cultured with Fgf2 and Egf added every four days, 3 biological rep
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-37516
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
37516
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-11-2012
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-AFFY-45
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse Genome 430 2.0 [Mouse430_2]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-37516/E-GEOD-37516.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-37516/E-GEOD-37516.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE37516
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

Feedback?

If you are having problems using our tools, or if you would just like to send us some feedback, please post your questions on GitHub.